Elizabeth Montgomery

Elizabeth Montgomery

Born Elizabeth Victoria Montgomery
April 15, 1933(1933-04-15)
Los Angeles, California, U.S. Died May 18, 1995 (aged 62)
Beverly Hills, California, U.S. Occupation Actress Years active 1951–1994 Spouse(s) Frederick Gallatin Cammann (m. 1954–1955) «start: (1954)–end+1: (1956)»”Marriage: Frederick Gallatin Cammann to Elizabeth Montgomery” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Montgomery)
Gig Young (m. 1956–1963) «start: (1956)–end+1: (1964)»”Marriage: Gig Young to Elizabeth Montgomery” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Montgomery)
William Asher (m. 1963–1973) «start: (1963)–end+1: (1974)»”Marriage: William Asher to Elizabeth Montgomery” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Montgomery)
Robert Foxworth (m. 1993–1995) «start: (1993)–end+1: (1996)»”Marriage: Robert Foxworth to Elizabeth Montgomery” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Montgomery)

Elizabeth Victoria Montgomery (April 15, 1933 – May 18, 1995) was an American film and television actress whose career spanned five decades. She is best remembered for her roles as Samantha Stephens in Bewitched, as Ellen Harrod in A Case of Rape and as Lizzie Borden in The Legend of Lizzie Borden.

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Born in Los Angeles, California, Elizabeth Montgomery was the child of actor Robert Montgomery and his wife, Broadway actress Elizabeth Bryan Allen.[1] She had an older sister, Martha Bryan Montgomery, who died as an infant, and a brother, Robert Montgomery, Jr., who was born in 1936.[2] After graduating from The Spence School, she attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts for three years.[3]

Montgomery made her television debut in her father’s series Robert Montgomery Presents (later appearing on occasion as a member of his “summer stock” company of performers), and her film debut in 1955 in The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell.Her early career consisted of starring vehicles and appearances in live television dramas and series, such as Studio One, Kraft Television Theater, Johnny Staccato, The Twilight Zone, The Eleventh Hour, Boris Karloff’s Thriller and Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1954 she lost out on co-starring with Marlon Brando in the film On the Waterfront directed by Elia Kazan.In 1960 Montgomery was nominated for an Emmy for her portrayal of southern prostitute Rusty Heller in an episode of The Untouchables, playing opposite David White who later portrayed Darrin’s boss Larry Tate in Bewitched.[4]She was featured in a role as a socialite with Henry Silva and Sammy Davis, Jr. in the offbeat 1963 gangster film Johnny Cool and, the same year, with Dean Martin and Carol Burnett in the motion picture comedy Who’s Been Sleeping in My Bed?, directed by Daniel Mann. Nevertheless, Alfred Hitchcock had her in mind to play the sister-in-law of Sean Connery, who sees herself as a rival to the troubled heroine in the movie Marnie, but Montgomery was unavailable owing to her commitment to a new television show: Bewitched.


Elizabeth Montgomery and Dick York as Samantha and Darrin Stephens in Bewitched in 1967.Montgomery played the central role of lovable witch Samantha Stephens with Dick York (and later Dick Sargent) as her husband in the ABC situation comedy Bewitched. She also played the role of Samantha’s cousin, Serena. The show became a rating success (it was, at the time, the highest rated series ever for the network[5]). It enjoyed an eight-year run from 1964 to 1972 and remains popular through syndication and DVD releases. The show had even been given the ‘green light’ for a ninth season by the network, but Montgomery, wishing to do other things, backed out. She also provided the voice of Samantha for an episode of The Flintstones.Montgomery received five Emmy and four Golden Globe nominations for her role. At its creative peak, Bewitched was considered one of the most sophisticated sitcoms on the air and it cleverly explored contemporary themes and social issues within a fantasy context.

Montgomery returned to Samantha-like twitching of her nose and on-screen magic in a series of Japanese television commercials
(1
980-83) for “Mother” chocolate biscuits and cookies by confectionery conglomerate Lotte Corp. These Japanese commercials provided a substantial salary for Montgomery while she remained out of sight of non-Japanese fans and Hollywood industry.In the United States, Montgomery spent much of her later career pursuing dramatic roles that took her as far away from the good-natured Samantha as possible. Among her later roles, including performances that brought her Emmy Award nominations for playing a rape victim in A Case of Rape (1974), for her portrayal of Lizzie Borden in William Bast‘s The Legend of Lizzie Borden (1975), and for her role as a strong woman facing hardship in 1820s Ohio in the mini-series The Awakening Land (1978).In 1977, Montgomery played a police detective having an interracial affair with her partner, played by O.J. Simpson in A Killing Affair. She made a chilling villain in the 1985 picture Amos, playing a nurse in a state home who terrorized residents portrayed by Kirk Douglas and Dorothy McGuire.One of her last roles was in an episode for Batman: The Animated Series entitled “Showdown,” in which she played a barmaid; this was also her final work to be screened, as the episode aired posthumously. Her last television movies were the highly-rated Edna Buchanan detective series – the second and final film of the series received its first airing on May 9, 1995,[6] only days before she died.

Montgomery was first married to New York socialite Frederick Gallatin Cammann in 1954; the marriage lasted for barely a year. She was married to actor Gig Young from 1956 to 1963, and then to director-producer William Asher from 1963 until their 1973 divorce. They had three children: William Asher, Jr. (July 24, 1964), Robert Asher (October 5, 1965) and Rebecca Asher (June 17, 1969). The latter two pregnancies were incorporated into Bewitched as Samantha’s pregnancies with Tabitha (primarily Erin Murphy, with twin Diane) and Adam Stephens. In 1971, while filming the eighth season of Bewitched, she fell in love with director Richard Michaels and moved in with him after the season ended. This was another major factor in canceling plans for a ninth season. The relationship lasted for two and a half years.She entered her fourth and final marriage to actor Robert Foxworth, on January 28, 1993, after living with him for nearly twenty years. She remained married to Foxworth until her death.[7]

In June 1992, Montgomery and her former Bewitched co-star Dick Sargent, who had remained good friends, were Grand Marshals at the Los Angeles Gay Pride Parade. Montgomery had liberal political views, being an outspoken champion of women’s rights and gay rights throughout her life, sharply contrasting with her conservative father, who was once a media advisor to President Dwight Eisenhower.During Bewitched’s run, she was a vocal critic of the Vietnam War. In the late 1980s and early 1990s she narrated a series of political documentaries, including Coverup: Behind the Iran Contra Affair (1988) and the Academy Award winning The Panama Deception (1992).

Throughout the last year of her life, Montgomery was a volunteer for the Los Angeles Unit of Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic (RFB&D), a non-profit organization which records educational books on specially formatted CDs and in downloadable formats for disabled people. In 1994, Montgomery produced several radio and television public service announcements for the organization’s Los Angeles Unit. In January 1995, she recorded the 1952 edition of When We Were Very Young for RFB&D.Montgomery’s enthusiastic support for RFB&D sparked nationwide interest in the organization’s work. Her strong support for RFB&D ultimately led her to enthusiastically agree to be the honorary chairman for its Los Angeles Unit’s third annual Record-A-Thon, slated for June 3, 1995. She lent her name to all letters of appeal for the event and was planning to be one of its celebrity readers for the day.After her death, the Los Angeles Unit of RFB&D dedicated the 1995 Record-A-Thon to Montgomery and secured 21 celebrities to assist in the reading of the book Chicken Soup for the Soul, which was also dedicated to her memory.

Montgomery was diagnosed with colorectal cancer in the spring of 1995. She had ignored the flu-like symptoms during the filming of Deadline for Murder: From the Files of Edna Buchanan and acted too late. Unwilling to die in a hospital, and with no hope of recovery, she elected to return to her Beverly Hills home that she shared with Foxworth. She died there, in the company of her children and husband, on May 18, 1995, eight weeks after her diagnosis.[8] Montgomery was 62 years old.A memorial service was held on June 18, 1995, at the Canon Theatre in Beverly Hills. Herbie Hancock provided the music, and Dominick Dunne spoke about their early days as friends in New York. Other speakers included her husband, Robert Foxworth, who read out sympathy cards from fans; her nurse; her brother, daughter and stepson. She was cremated at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery.

On April 19, 1998, an event auction/sale of her clothing was held by her family to benefit the AIDS Healthcare Foundation of Los Angeles. Erin Murphy, who played Tabitha on the series, modeled the clothing that was auctioned.In June 2005, a statue of Montgomery as Samantha Stephens was erected in Salem, Massachusetts.[9][10]A star on The Hollywood Walk of Fame was presented in honor of Montgomery’s work in television on January 4, 2008.[11] The location of the star is 6533 Hollywood Blvd.William Clift is developing a biopic film of Montgomery starring Christina Applegate.

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1955 The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Margaret Lansdowne
1963 Johnny Cool Darien “Dare” Guinness
Who’s Been Sleeping in My Bed? Mellisa Morris
1965 How to Stuff a Wild Bikini Bwana’s Daughter, The Witches Witch Uncredited
1988 Coverup: Behind the Iran Contra Affair Narrator Documentary film
1992 The Panama Deception Narrator Documentary film
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1951-1956 Robert Montgomery Presents Various roles 27 episodes
1953-1954 Armstrong Circle Theatre Ellen Craig 2 episodes
1954-1957 Kraft Television Theatre Various roles 7 episodes
1955-1958 Studio One Various roles 3 episodes
1956 Warner Bros. Presents Laura Woodruff 1 episode
Climax! Betsy 1 episode
1958 Play

house 90

Mary Brecker 1 episode
DuPont Show of the Month Miss Kelly 1 episode
Cimmarron City Ellen Wilson 1 episode
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Karen 1 episode
1960 The Untouchables Rusty Heller 1 episode
One Step Beyond Lillie Clarke 1 episode
1961 The Twilight Zone The Woman 1 episode
1963-1964 Burke’s Law Stacy Evans
Smitty
2 episodes
1964-1972 Bewitched Samantha Stephens 254 episodes
1965 The Flintstones Samantha Stephens (Voice) 1 episode
1972 The Victim Kate Wainwright Television movie
1973 Mrs. Sundance Etta Place Television movie
1974 A Case of Rape Ellen Harrod Television movie
1975 The Legend of Lizzie Borden Lizzie Borden Television movie
1976 Dark Victory Katherine Merrill Television movie
1977 A Killing Affair Vikki Eaton Television movie
1978 The Awakening Land Sayward Luckett Wheeler Miniseries
1979 Jennifer: A Woman’s Story Jennifer Prince Television movie
Act of Violence Catherine McSweeney Television movie
1980 Belle Starr Belle Starr Television movie
1981 When the Circus Came to Town Mary Flynn Television movie
1982 The Rules of Marriage Joan Hagen Television movie
1983 Missing Pieces Sara Scott Television movie
1984 Second Sight: A Love Story Alaxandra McKay Television movie
1985 Amos Daisy Daws Television movie
Between the Darkness and the Dawn Abigail Foster Television movie
1990 Face to Face Dr. Diana Firestone Television movie
1991 Sins of the Mother Ruth Coe Television movie
1992 With Murder in Mind Gayle Wolfer Television movie
1993 The Black Widow Murders: The Blanche Taylor Moore Story Blanche Taylor Moore Television movie
1994 The Corpse Had a Familiar Face Edna Buchanan Television movie
1995 Deadline for Murder: From the Files of Edna Buchanan Edna Buchanan Television movie
Batman: The Animated Series Barmaid (Voice) 1 episode

Year Award Result Category Film or series
1961 Emmy Award Nominated Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role The Untouchables
1966 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Comedy Series Bewitched
1967 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Comedy Series Bewitched
1968 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Comedy Series Bewitched
1969 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Comedy Series Bewitched
1970 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Comedy Series Bewitched
1974 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress – Drama Series A Case of Rape
1975 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress in a Special Program – Drama or Comedy The Legend of Lizzie Borden
1978 Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series The Awakening Land
1965 Golden Globe Award Nominated Best TV Star (Female) Bewitched
1967 Nominated Best TV Star (Female) Bewitched
1969 Nominated Best TV Star (Female) Bewitched

  • Craven Street: Ben Franklin in London, a five-part radio drama (1993, narrator)
  • Beauty’s Punishment (1994, narrator)
  • Beauty’s Release (1994, narrator)
  • Two audio books in which Montgomery narrates the work of Anne Rice (writing as A.N. Roquelaure) are available as of 2005[update].

  • ^ “Elizabeth Montgomery Biography (1933-1995)”. filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/53/Elizabeth-Montgomery.html. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  • ^ Pylant, James. “The Bewitching Family Tree of Elizabeth Montgomery”. genealogymagazine.com. http://www.genealogymagazine.com/elmo.html. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  • ^ “Elizabeth Montgomery Biography”. thebiographychannel.co.uk. http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/elizabeth-montgomery.html?. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  • ^ R.E. Lee. “The Rusty Heller Story”. Bob’s Bewitching Daughter. http://www.bobsbewitchingdaughter.com/EMrustyhellerstory.html. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  • ^ Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 0-740-75118-2. 
  • ^ Cotter, Bill (1997). The Wonderful Words of Disney Television: A Complete History. Hyperion. p. 18. ISBN 0-7868-6359-5. 
  • ^ R. E. Lee. There were many references to Patterson,

    New York made on “Bewitched” throughout the run of the series. The Putnam County, New York town was the site of the Montgomery homestead and it was also where Elizabeth spent her childhood summers. In later years, her mother lived in the family farmhouse on Cushman Road where Elizabeth visited her on frequent trips East. “Elizabeth Montgomery Biography”. http://www.bobsbewitchingdaughter.com/EMbio.html There were many references to Patterson, New York made on “Bewitched” throughout the run of the series. The Putnam County, New York town was the site of the Montgomery homestead and it was also where Elizabeth spent her childhood summers. In later years, her mother lived in the family farmhouse on Cushman Road where Elizabeth visited her on frequent trips East.. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 

  • ^ Gliatto, Tom (1995-06-05). “That Magic Feeling”. People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20100784,00.html. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  • ^ “History-minded not under spell of ‘Bewitched’ statue”. Associated Press. 2005-06-18. http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/intucson/living/061805d1_bewitched. Retrieved 2008-03-21. [dead link]
  • ^ “A Pictorial Tale of the ‘Bewitched’ statue of Salem, Massachusetts”. palachi.com. 2005. http://palachi.com
  • ^ “Hollywood star is unveiled posthumously for TV’s ‘Bewitched’ star Elizabeth Montgomery”. Associated Press. 2008-01-05. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/01/05/arts/NA-A-E-MOV-US-Elizabeth-Montgomery.php. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
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    Ava Gardner

    Ava Gardner


    from The Barefoot Contessa (1954) Born Ava Lavinia Gardner
    December 24, 1922(1922-12-24)
    Brogden, North Carolina, U.S. Died January 25, 1990 (aged 67)
    Westminster, London, England, UK Occupation Actress Years active 1941–1986 Spouse(s) Mickey Rooney (m. 1942–1943) «start: (1942)–end+1: (1944)»”Marriage: Mickey Rooney to Ava Gardner” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ava_Gardner)
    Artie Shaw (m. 1945–1946) «start: (1945)–end+1: (1947)»”Marriage: Artie Shaw to Ava Gardner” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ava_Gardner)
    Frank Sinatra (m. 1951–1957) «start: (1951)–end+1: (1958)»”Marriage: Frank Sinatra to Ava Gardner” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ava_Gardner)

    Ava Lavinia Gardner (December 24, 1922 – January 25, 1990) was an American actress.She was signed to a contract by MGM Studios in 1941 and appeared in small roles until she drew attention with her performance in The Killers (1946). She became one of Hollywood’s leading actresses, considered one of the most beautiful women of her day. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her work in Mogambo (1953).She appeared in several high-profile films from the 1950s to 1970s, including Bhowani Junction (1956), On the Beach (1959), The Night of the Iguana (1964), Earthquake (1974), and The Cassandra Crossing (1976). Gardner continued to act on a regular basis until 1986, four years before her death of pneumonia, at age 67, in 1990.She is listed as one of the American Film Institute‘s greatest stars of all time.[1]

    Contents

    Gardner was born in the small farming community of Brogden, North Carolina, the youngest of seven children (she had two brothers; Raymond and Melvin, and four sisters; Beatrice, Elsie Mae, Inez and Myra) of poor cotton and tobacco farmers; her mother, Mary Elizabeth (“Mollie”) Gardner (née Baker) was a Baptist of Scots-Irish and English descent, while her father, Jonas Bailey Gardner, was a Roman Catholic of Irish American and American Indian (Tuscarora) descent.[citation needed] When the children were still young, the Gardners lost their property, forcing Jonas Gardner to work at a sawmill and Mollie to begin working as a cook and housekeeper at a dormitory for teachers at the nearby Brogden School.When Gardner was 13 years old, the family decided to try their luck in a bigger town, Newport News, Virginia, where Mollie Gardner found work managing a boardinghouse for the city’s many shipworkers. While in Newport News, Gardner’s father became ill and died from bronchitis in 1938, when Ava was 15 years old. After Jonas Gardner’s death, the family moved to the Rock Ridge suburb of Wilson, North Carolina, where Mollie Gardner ran another boarding house for teachers. Ava Gardner attended high school in Rock Ridge and she graduated from there in 1939. She then attended secretarial classes at Atlantic Christian College in Wilson for about a year.Gardner was visiting her sister Beatrice (“Bappie”) in New York in 1941 when Beatrice’s husband Larry Tarr, a professional photographer, offered to take her portrait. He was so pleased with the results that he displayed the finished product in the front window of his Tarr Photography Studio on tony Fifth Avenue.[citation needed]


    in My Forbidden Past (1951)In 1941, a Loews Theatres legal clerk, Barnard “Barney” Duhan, spotted Gardner’s photo in Tarr’s studio. At the time, Duhan often posed as an MGM talent scout to meet girls, using the fact that MGM was a subsidiary of Loews. Duhan entered Tarr’s and tried to get Gardner’s number, but was rebuffed by the receptionist. Duhan made the offhand comment, “Somebody should send her info to MGM”, and the Tarrs did so immediately. Shortly after, Gardner, who at the time was a student at Atlantic Christian College, traveled to New York to be interviewed at MGM’s New York office. She was offered a standard contract by MGM, and left school for Hollywood in 1941 with her sister Bappie accompanying her. MGM’s first order of business was to provide her a speech
    co
    ach, as her Carolina drawl was nearly incomprehensible to them.[2]

    Gardner was nominated for an Academy Award for Mogambo (1953); the award was won by Audrey Hepburn for Roman Holiday. Her performance as Maxine Faulk in The Night of the Iguana (1964), was well reviewed, and she was nominated a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe.Other films include The Hucksters (1947), Show Boat (1951), The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952), 1954’s The Barefoot Contessa (which some consider to be Gardner’s “signature film” since it mirrored her real life custom of going barefoot), Bhowani Junction (1956), The Sun Also Rises (in which she played party-girl Brett Ashley) (1957), and the film version of Neville Shute‘s best-selling On the Beach, co-starring Gregory Peck. Off-camera, she could be witty and pithy, as in her assessment of director John Ford, who directed Mogambo (“The meanest man on earth. Thoroughly evil. Adored him!”)[3]

    In 1966, Gardner briefly sought the role of Mrs. Robinson in Mike Nichols‘ The Graduate (1967). She reportedly called Nichols and said, “I want to see you! I want to talk about this Graduate thing!” Nichols never seriously considered her for the part, but he did visit her hotel, where he later recounted that “she sat at a little French desk with a telephone, she went through every movie star cliché. She said, ‘All right, let’s talk about your movie. First of all, I strip for nobody.'”[4]Gardner moved to London, England in 1968, undergoing an elective hysterectomy to allay her worries of contracting the uterine cancer that had claimed the life of her own mother. That year, she made what some consider to be one of her best films, Mayerling, in which she played the Austrian Empress Elisabeth of Austria opposite James Mason as Emperor Franz Joseph I.She appeared in a number of disaster films throughout the 1970s, notably Earthquake (1974), The Cassandra Crossing (1976), and the Canadian movie City on Fire (1979). She also starred in The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972) with Paul Newman and Jacqueline Bisset, The Blue Bird (1976) with Jane Fonda and Elizabeth Taylor.Her last movie was Regina Roma (1982), a direct-to-video release. In the 1980s she acted primarily on television, including the miniseries remake of The Long Hot Summer (1985) and the prime-time soap opera Knot’s Landing, also in 1985. In 1986 she appeared in her two final projects, the TV movies Harem and Maggie.

    Soon after her arrival in Los Angeles, Gardner met fellow MGM contract player Mickey Rooney; they married on January 10, 1942, in Ballard, California; she was 19 years old, and he was 21. Gardner made several movies before 1946, but it wasn’t until she starred in The Killers with Burt Lancaster that she became a star and a sex symbol. Rooney and Gardner divorced in 1943. He later reputedly rhapsodized about their sex life, but Gardner retorted, “Well, honey, he may have enjoyed the sex, but [goodness knows] I didn’t.” She once characterized their marriage as “Love Finds Andy Hardy“.

    Gardner became a friend of businessman and aviator Howard Hughes in the early to mid-1940s and the relationship lasted into the 1950s.

    Gardner’s second marriage was to jazz musician and band leader Artie Shaw, from 1945 to 1946.

    Gardner’s third and last marriage (1951-1957) was to singer and actor Frank Sinatra. She would later say in her autobiography that of all the men she’d had – that he was the love of her life. Sinatra left his wife, Nancy, for Ava and their subsequent marriage made headlines. Sinatra was savaged by gossip columnists Hedda Hopper and Louella Parsons, the Hollywood establishment, the Roman Catholic Church, and by his fans for leaving his wife for a “femme fatale”. His career suffered, while hers prospered – the headlines solidifying her screen siren image. Gardner used her considerable clout to get Sinatra cast in his Oscar-winning role in From Here to Eternity (1953). That role and the award revitalized both Sinatra’s acting and singing careers. Gardner said of her relationship with Sinatra, “We were great in bed. It was usually on the way to the bidet when the trouble began.”[citation needed]During their marriage Gardner became pregnant twice, but she had two abortions. “MGM had all sorts of penalty clauses about their stars having babies,” she said.[5] She said years later, “We couldn’t even take care of ourselves. How were we going to take care of a baby?” Gardner and Sinatra remained good friends for the rest of her life.[citation needed]

    Gardner divorced Sinatra in 1957 and headed to Spain where she began a friendship with writer Ernest Hemingway. While staying with Hemingway at his villa in San Francisco de Paula in Cuba Gardner once swam alone with no bathing suit in his pool. After watching her Hemingway ordered his staff: “The water is not to be emptied”.[6] Gardner’s friendship with Hemingway led to her becoming a fan of bullfighting and bullfighters such as Luis Miguel Dominguín, who became her lover. “It was a sort of madness, honey,” she said later of the time.[citation needed]

    After a lifetime of smoking, Gardner suffered from emphysema, in addition to an autoimmune disorder (which may have been lupus). Two strokes in 1986 left her partially paralyzed and bedridden. Although Gardner could afford her medical expenses, Sinatra wanted to pay for her to visit a specialist in the United States, and she allowed him to make the arrangements for a medically-staffed private plane. Her last words (to her housekeeper Carmen), were reportedly, “I’m so tired,” before she died of pneumonia at the age of 67. After her death, Sinatra’s daughter Tina found him slumped in his room, crying, and unable to speak.[7]Gardner was not only the love of his life but also the inspiration for one of his most personal songs, “I’m a Fool to Want You”, which Sinatra (who received a co-writing credit for the song) recorded twice, toward the end of his contract with Columbia Records and during his years on Capitol Records. (“It was Ava who taught him how to sing a torch song“, Sinatra arranger Nelson Riddle was once quoted as saying.) It has been reported that Sinatra attended her funeral, due to the presence of a black limousine parked behind the crowd of 500 mourners. Instead, a hairstylist from Fayetteville, North Carolina, had felt that a limousine was the only appropriate mode of transportation to Gardner’s funeral. A floral arrangement at Gardner’s graveside simply read: “With My Love, Francis”.[citation needed]

    Gardner died in her London home in 1990, from pneumonia, following several years of declining health. Gardner was buried in the Sunset Memorial Park, Smithfield, North Carolina, next to her brothers and their parents, Jonah (1878-1938) and Mollie Gardner (1883-1943). The town of Smithfield now has an Ava Gardner Museum.

    Gardner has been portrayed by Marcia Gay Harden in the TV miniseries Sinatra, Deborah Kara Unger in HBO‘s The Rat Pack, and Kate Beckinsale in the 2004 Howard Hughes biopic, The Aviator.

    Year Film Role Notes
    1941 Shadow of the Thin Man

    Passerby
    H.M. Pulham, Esq. Young Socialite
    Babes on Broadway Pitt-Astor Girl
    1942 Joe Smith – American Miss Maynard, Secretary
    This Time for Keeps Girl in car lighting cigarette
    Kid Glove Killer Car Hop
    Sunday Punch Ringsider
    Calling Dr. Gillespie Graduating student at Miss Hope’s
    Reunion in France Marie, a salesgirl
    1943 Hitler’s Madman Franciska Pritric a Student
    Ghosts on the Loose Betty
    Young Ideas Co-ed
    Du Barry Was a Lady Perfume Girl
    Swing Fever Receptionist
    Lost Angel Hat Check Girl
    1944 Two Girls and a Sailor Dream Girl
    Three Men in White Jean Brown
    Maisie Goes to Reno Gloria Fullerton
    Blonde Fever Bit Role
    1945 She Went to the Races Hilda Spotts
    1946 Whistle Stop Mary
    The Killers Kitty Collins
    1947 Singapore Linda Grahame/Ann Van Leyden
    The Hucksters Jean Ogilvie
    1948 One Touch of Venus Venus
    1949 The Bribe Elizabeth Hintten
    The Great Sinner Pauline Ostrovsky
    East Side, West Side Isabel Lorrison
    1951 Pandora and the Flying Dutchman Pandora Reynolds
    My Forbidden Past Barbara Beaurevel
    Show Boat Julie LaVerne
    1952 Lone Star Martha Ronda
    The Snows of Kilimanjaro Cynthia Green
    1953 Knights of the Round Table Guinevere
    Ride, Vaquero! Cordelia Cameron
    The Band Wagon Herself
    Mogambo Honey Bear Kelly Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress
    1954 The Barefoot Contessa Maria Vargas
    1956 Bhowani Junction Victoria Jones Nominated — BAFTA for Best Foreign Actress
    1957 The Little Hut Lady Susan Ashlow
    The Sun Also Rises Lady Brett Ashley
    1958 The Naked Maja Maria Cayetana, Duchess of Alba
    1959 On the Beach Moira Davidson Nominated — BAFTA for Best Foreign Actress
    1960 The Angel Wore Red Soledad
    1963 55 Days at Peking Baroness Natalie Ivanoff
    1964 Seven Days in May Eleanor Holbrook
    The Night of the Iguana Maxine Faulk Nominated — BAFTA for Best Foreign Actress
    Nominated — Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Actress – Drama
    1966 The Bible: In The Beginning Sarah
    1968 Mayerling Empress Elizabeth
    1970 Tam-Lin Michaela Cazaret
    1972 The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean Lily Langtry
    1974 Earthquake Remy Royce-Graff
    1975 Permission to Kill Katina Petersen
    1976 The Blue Bird Luxury
    The Cassandra Crossing Nicole Dressler
    1977 The Sentinel Miss Logan
    1979 City on Fire Maggie Grayson
    1980 The Kidnapping of the President Beth Richards
    1981 Priest of Love Mabel Dodge Luhan
    1982 Regina Roma Mama

    Year Title Role
    1941 Fancy Answers Girl at Recital
    1942 We Do It Because- Lucretia Borgia
    Mighty Lak a Goat Girl at the Bijou box office
    1949 Some of the Best Herself
    1964 On the Trail of the Iguana
    1968 Vienna: The Years Remembered Herself

    Year Title Role
    1985 A.D. Agrippina
    Knot’s Landing Ruth Galveston
    The Long Hot Summer Minnie Littlejohn
    1986 Harem Kadin
    Maggie Diane Webb

  • ^ [1]
  • ^ Cannon, Dorris Rollins, Grabtown Girl: Ava Gardner’s North Carolina Childhood and Her Enduring Ties to Home; ISBN 1-878086-89-8
  • ^ Washington Post article, “Movie Stars: The odd and amazing careers of Ava Gardner, Barbra Streisand, Patricia Neal and Ed Sullivan”, short reviews by Dennis Drabelle, Washington Post Book World, Sunday, July 2, 2006
  • ^ Harris, Mark. Pictures at a Revolution: Five Movies and the Birth of New Hollywood. New York: Penguin Books, 2008, pg. 238
  • ^ Gardner, Ava. Ava: My Story. New York: Bantam, 1990.
  • ^ Gail Bell. “Ghost Writers.” The Monthly. March 2010
  • ^ Sinatra, Tina. (2009) “My Father’s Daughter: A Memoir”, p. 214 New York: Simon & Schuster

    • Cannon, Doris Rollins. Grabtown Girl: Ava Gardner’s North Carolina Childhood and Her Enduring Ties to Home. Down Home Press, 2001. ISBN 1-878086-89-8
    • Fowler, Karin. Ava Gardner: A Bio-Bibliography. Greenwood Press, 1990. ISBN 0-313-26776-6
    • Gardner, Ava. Ava: My Story. Bantam, 1990. ISBN 0553071433
    • Gigliotti, Gilbert, editor. Ava Gardner: Touches of Venus. Entasis Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9800999-5-9
    • Rivers, Alton. Love, Ava: A Novel. St. Martin’s Press, 2007. ISBN 0-312-36279-X
    • Server, Lee. Ava Gardner: Love is Nothing. St. Martin’s Press, 2006. ISBN 0-312-31209-1
    • Wayne, Jane Ellen. Ava’s Men: The Private Life of Ava Gardner. Robson Books, 2004. ISBN 1-86105-785-7

    Roy Best

    Roy Best was an American illustrator and painter of pin-up art.He was born in Waverly, Ohio and attended the Art Institute of Cincinnati, working on a railroad construction crew to support himself. He later moved to Chicago, Illinois, and enrolled in the Art Institute there.Later, Best was represented in New York by American Artists. During this time he painted several covers for The Saturday Evening Post. By 1931, Best was painting pin-ups for the Joseph C. Hoover & Sons calendar company. That same year, he was commissioned by the Whitman Publishing Company to illustrate The Peter Pan Picture Book, based on J. M. Barrie‘s play Peter Pan; an illustration from this project was the basis for the Peter Pan Bus Lines logo.In 1942, Best was hired by Brown and Bigelow leading to a career producing calendar pin-ups.

    • Pin-up girl
    • List of pinup artists

    • The Great American Pin-Up, by Charles G. Martignette and Louis K. Meisel, ISBN 3-8228-1701-5

    Carole Lombard

    Carole Lombard

    Born Jane Alice Peters
    October 6, 1908(1908-10-06)
    Fort Wayne, Indiana, U.S. Died January 16, 1942 (aged 33)
    Mount Potosi,
    near Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. Occupation Actress Years active 1921–1942 Spouse William Powell (1931–1933; divorced)
    Clark Gable (1939–1942; her death)

    Carole Lombard (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress.[1] She was particularly noted for her comedic roles in several classic films of the 1930s, most notably in the 1936 film My Man Godfrey. She is listed as one of the American Film Institute‘s greatest stars of all time and was the highest-paid star in Hollywood in the late 1930s, earning around US$500,000 per year (more than five times the salary of the US President). Lombard’s career was cut short when she died at the age of 33 in the crash of TWA Flight 3.

    Contents

    Lombard was born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Her parents were Frederick C. Peters (1875-1935) and Elizabeth Knight (1877-January 16, 1942). Her paternal grandfather, John Claus Peters, was the son of German immigrants, Claus Peters and Caroline Catherine Eberlin.[citation needed] On her mother’s side, she was a descendant of Thomas Hastings who came from the East Anglia region of England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634.[2] Lombard was the youngest of three children, having two older brothers. She spent her early childhood in a sprawling, two-story house at 704 Rockhill Street in Fort Wayne, near the St. Mary’s River. Her father had been injured during his early life and was left with constant headaches which caused him to burst out in paroxysms of anger which disturbed the family. Her parents divorced and her mother took the three children to Los Angeles in 1914, where Lombard attended Virgil Jr. High School and then Fairfax High School. She was elected “May Queen” in 1924. She quit school to pursue acting full-time, but graduated from Fairfax in 1927.[3] Lombard was a second generation Bahá’í who formally enrolled in 1938.[4]


    In My Man Godfrey (1936).Lombard made her film debut at the age of twelve after she was seen playing baseball in the street by director Allan Dwan; he cast her as a tomboy in A Perfect Crime (1921). In the 1920s, she worked in several low-budget productions credited as ‘Jane Peters’, and then later as ‘Carol Lombard’. Her friend Miriam Cooper helped Lombard land small roles in her husband Raoul Walsh‘s films.[5] In 1925, she was signed as a contract player with Fox Film Corporation (which merged with Daryl Zanuck’s Twentieth Century Productions in 1935). She also worked for Mack Sennett and Pathé Pictures. She became a well-known actress and made a smooth transition to sound films, starting with High Voltage (1929). In 1930, she began working for Paramount Pictures after having been dropped from both Twentieth Century and Pathé.Lombard was originally given roles that would help to bolster the reputations of her leading men. It was not until 1934 that her career began to take off. That year, director Howard Hawks noticed that Lombard had something that perhaps had not been unleashed on film. He hired her for his next film, Twentieth Century, alongside stage legend John Barrymore. Lombard was at first terrified to be working alongside such a star and it was not until Hawks took her aside and threatened to fire her that she permitted her fiery personality to show on the screen. The film brought Lombard a level of fame.That same year, she also starred in Bolero with George Raft and it was for this film that she turned down the role of Ellie Andrews in It Happened One Night.[6] The following year she starred in Mitchell Leisen‘s Hands Across the Table which helped to establish her reputation as a top comedy actress. 1936 proved to be a big year for Lombard with her casting in the screwball comedy My Man Godfrey alongside ex-husband William Powell. Her performance earned Lombard an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. It was followed by Nothing Sacred in 1937, casting her opposite Fredric March and under the direction of William A. Wellman. It was Lombard’s only film in Technicolor.


    In Vigil in the Night (1940).In 1938, Lombard suffered a flop with Fools for Scandal and moved on to dramatic films for the next few years. In 1939, Lombard was keen on being cast as Scarlett O’Hara in the epic Gone with the Wind, but was not even tested for the part, whereas her new husband, Clark Gable, was chosen to portray Rhett Butler. Instead, she took roles opposite James Stewart in Made for Each Other (1939) and Cary Grant in In Name Only (1939). She also starred in the dramatic Vigil in the Night (1940).She then returned to comedy, teaming with director Alfred Hitchcock in Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941). The film gave Lombard’s career a much needed boost and she followed her success with what proved to be her last film, one of her most successful, To Be or Not to Be (1942).

    In October 1930, Lombard met William Powell. They worked together in the films Man of the World and Ladies’ Man. Unlike many of Lombard’s other suitors at the time, Powell was urbane and sophisticated and showed her a side of life she had not seen before. He also appreciated her blunt personality and bawdy sense of humor. They married on June 26, 1931.Lombard commented to fan magazi
    ne
    s that she did not believe their sixteen-year age difference would present a problem, but friends felt they were ill-suited, as Lombard had an extroverted personality while Powell was more reserved. They divorced in 1933, but remained good friends and worked together without acrimony, notably in My Man Godfrey.In 1934, following her divorce from Powell, Lombard moved into a house on Hollywood Boulevard designed by friend William Haines. She lived with a friend from the days of Mack Sennett, Madalynne Fields, who became Lombard’s personal secretary and whom Lombard called “Fieldsie.” Lombard became known as one of Hollywood’s great hostesses. She gave a party for friends in which she redecorated her home as a hospital operating room and had everyone come dressed as nurses and doctors while the food was delivered on a makeshift operating table and the guests ate with operating utensils; bedpans were reportedly used as dishes. It was during this time that Lombard began to relish being a party girl once more, carrying on relationships with actors Gary Cooper and George Raft, as well as the screenwriter Robert Riskin who proposed to Lombard in 1935. She turned down the offer, unable to marry a man who did not want to have children.However, one man stood out to Lombard in particular. While on a date with Riskin, Lombard spotted the crooner Russ Columbo and they began a serious affair, which reportedly led to Columbo proposing marriage. Unfortunately, Columbo died when he was visiting a friend who collected antique pistols. While he was admiring a pistol, it went off and the bullet ricocheted and landed in Columbo’s skull. To reporters, Lombard said Columbo was the love of her life.Following the death of Columbo, Lombard hosted one last party, which was supposed to be her final party as one of Hollywood’s most extravagant hostesses. She rented an amusement park for a day and invited almost every person she had ever come in contact with. Following the party, Lombard’s gatherings were far more intimate and generally less extravagant.Lombard’s most famous relationship came in 1936 when she became involved with actor Clark Gable. They had worked together previously in 1932’s No Man of Her Own, but at the time Lombard was still happily married to Powell and Gable already had more women than he was willing to deal with. They were indifferent to each other on the set and did not keep in touch.It was not until 1936, when Gable came to the Mayfair Ball that Lombard had planned, that their romance began to take off. It was said that Gable and Lombard danced all night before disappearing. The disappearance, however, did not go further than driving around the block a few times. Lombard infuriated Gable and they did not speak to each other for the remainder of the evening. The following morning, Lombard sent Gable peace doves and their relationship took off in earnest. They had to be quiet about it, as Gable was still married to Ria Langham and a divorce would have cost him a fortune.It was when a scandalous article called “Hollywood’s Unmarried Husbands and Wives” was printed in a fan magazine that chief censor Will H. Hays went to Louis B. Mayer and demanded he do something about contract stars Gable and Robert Taylor, who had been mentioned in the article, Taylor for his relationship with Barbara Stanwyck. They were given a choice: marry the women or end their relationships. Both took the former route.This proved a major factor in Gable accepting the role of Rhett Butler in Gone With the Wind, as Selznick wanted Gable so badly for the part that he was willing to pay almost any price. Gable accepted the salary, but it still was not enough to keep him from losing the majority of his fortune. He divorced Langham on March 7, 1939 and proposed to Lombard in a telephone booth at the Brown Derby.During a break in production on Gone With the Wind, Gable and Lombard were married on March 29. They bought a ranch previously owned by director Raoul Walsh in Encino, California and lived a happy, unpretentious life. Although they attempted to have a child and Lombard stated that she was perfectly willing to give up her career to raise a family, their efforts were ultimately unsuccessful. Lombard conceived once with Gable, but miscarried. Nevertheless, they called each other “Ma” and “Pa” and raised chickens and horses. To all who knew Gable, she was the love of his life.Off-screen, Lombard was much loved for her unpretentious personality and well known for her earthy sense of humor and blue language. Friends of Lombard’s included Alfred Hitchcock, Marion Davies, William Haines, Jean Harlow, Fred MacMurray, Cary Grant, Jack Benny, Jorge Negrete, William Powell, and Lucille Ball.


    in Nothing Sacred (1937).

    When the US entered World War II at the end of 1941, Lombard traveled to her home state of Indiana for a war bond rally. Just before boarding the plane, Lombard addressed her fans, saying: “Before I say goodbye to you all, come on and join me in a big cheer! V for Victory!” On January 16, 1942, Lombard and her mother boarded a Transcontinental and Western Airlines DC-3 airplane to return to California. After refueling in Las Vegas, TWA Flight 3 took off and 23 minutes later, crashed into “Double Up Peak” near the 8,300-foot (2500 m) level of Mount Potosi, 32 miles (52 km) southwest of Las Vegas. All aboard, 19 passengers and three crew, were killed.Shortly after her death at the age of 33, Gable (who was inconsolable and devastated by her loss) joined the United States Army Air Forces. After officers training, Gable headed a six-man motion picture unit attached to a B-17 bomb group in England to film aerial gunners in combat, flying five missions himself. Gable attended the launch of the Liberty ship SS Carole Lombard, named in her honor, on January 15, 1944.On January 18, 1942, Jack Benny did not perform his usual program, both out of respect for Lombard and grief at her death. Instead, he devoted his program to an all-music format.Lombard’s final film, To Be or Not to Be (1942), directed by Ernst Lubitsch and co-starring Jack Benny, a satire about Nazism and World War II, was in post-production at the time of her death. The film’s producers decided to cut the part of the film in which her character asks, “What can happen on a plane?” as they felt it was in poor taste, given the circumstances of Lombard’s death.At the time of her death, Lombard had been scheduled to star in the film They All Kissed the Bride; when production started, her role was given to Joan Crawford. Crawford donated all of her pay for this film to the Red Cross.Lombard is interred at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. The name on her crypt marker is “Carole Lombard Gable”. Although Gable remarried, he was interred next to her when he died in 1960. He always felt responsible for her death.[citation needed] Her mother, Elizabeth Peters, who also perished in the plane crash that killed her daughter, was interred on the other side of her.

    HollywoodWalkofFameCaroleLombardsStar.jpg
    In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Lombard 23rd on its list of the 50 greatest American female screen legends. She received one Academy Award for Best Actress nomination, for My Man Godfrey. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6930 Hollywood Blvd.Lombard’s Fort Wayne childhood
    home has been designated a historic landmark. The city named the nearby bridge over the St Mary’s River the “Carole Lombard Memorial Bridge.”


    as Hazel Flagg in one of her personal favorites, Nothing Sacred (1937)

    She has been played by:

    • Jill Clayburgh in Gable and Lombard (1976)
    • Sharon Gless in Moviola: The Scarlett O’Hara War (1980)
    • Denise Crosby in Malice in Wonderland (1985)
    • Anastasia Hille in RKO 281 (1999)
    • Vanessa Gray in Lucy (2003)

    • A Perfect Crime (1921)
    • Gold Heels (1924)
    • Dick Turpin (1925)
    • Marriage in Transit (1925)
    • Gold and the Girl (1925)
    • Hearts and Spurs (1925)
    • Durand of the Bad Lands (1925)
    • The Plastic Age (1925)
    • Ben-Hur (1925)
    • The Road to Glory (1926)
    • The Johnstown Flood (1926)
    • The Fighting Eagle (1927)
    • My Best Girl (1927)
    • The Divine Sinner (1928)
    • Power (1928)
    • Me, Gangster (1928)
    • Show Folks (1928)
    • Ned McCobb’s Daughter (1928)
    • High Voltage (1929)
    • Big News (1929)
    • The Racketeer (1929)
    • The Arizona Kid (1930)
    • Safety in Numbers (1930)
    • Fast and Loose (1930)
    • It Pays to Advertise (1931)
    • Man of the World (1931)
    • Ladies’ Man (1931)
    • Up Pops the Devil (1931)
    • I Take This Woman (1931)
    • No One Man (1932)
    • Sinners in the Sun (1932)
    • Virtue (1932)
    • No More Orchids (1932)
    • No Man of Her Own (1932)
    • From Hell to Heaven (1933)
    • Supernatural (1933)
    • The Eagle and the Hawk (1933)
    • Brief Moment (1933)
    • White Woman (1933)
    • Bolero (1934)
    • We’re Not Dressing (1934)
    • Twentieth Century (1934)
    • Now and Forever (1934)
    • Lady by Choice (1934)
    • The Gay Bride (1934)
    • Rumba (1935)
    • Hands Across the Table (1935)
    • Love Before Breakfast (1936)
    • The Princess Comes Across (1936)
    • My Man Godfrey (1936)
    • Swing High, Swing Low (1937)
    • Nothing Sacred (1937)
    • True Confession (1937)
    • Fools for Scandal (1938)
    • Made for Each Other (1939)
    • In Name Only (1939)
    • Vigil in the Night (1940)
    • They Knew What They Wanted (1940)
    • Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941)
    • To Be or Not to Be (1942)

    • Smith’s Pony (1927)
    • Gold Digger of Weepah (1927)
    • The Girl from Everywhere (1927)
    • Run, Girl, Run (1928)
    • The Beach Club (1928)
    • Smith’s Army Life (1928)
    • The Best Man (1928)
    • The Swim Princess (1928)
    • The Bicycle Flirt (1928)
    • The Girl from Nowhere (1928)
    • His Unlucky Night (1928)
    • Smith’s Restaurant (1928)
    • The Campus Vamp (1928)
    • Motorboat Mamas (1928)
    • Hubby’s Weekend Trip (1928)
    • The Campus Carmen (1928)
    • Matchmaking Mamma (1929)
    • Don’t Get Jealous (1929)
    • Hollywood on Parade No. 11 (1933)
    • Hollywood on Parade No. A-12 (1933)
    • The Fashion Side of Hollywood (1935)
    • Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 3 (1936)
    • Breakdowns of 1938 (1938)
    • Hollywood Goes to Town (1938)
    • Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 9 (1939)

  • ^ Obituary Variety, January 21, 1942, page 54.
  • ^ Willard, J., Walker, C.W., Pope, C.H., Willard Genealogy, Sequel to Willard memoir, Boston: Willard Family Association, 1915, 212.
  • ^ Carole Lombard Biography – CaroleLombard.org
  • ^ The Bahá’í World 1940-1944 p.635. Bahá’í Publishing Trust, Wilmette.
  • ^ Cooper, Miriam (1973). Dark Lady of the Silents. Bobbs Merrill. pp. 11, 216–217. ISBN 0-672-51725-6. 
  • ^ MacBride, Joseph. Frank Capra, The Catastrophe of Success. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2000. P. 303. ISBN.
  • McClelland Barclay


    Navy recruitment poster by McClelland Barclay.McClelland Barclay (1891–1942) was an American painter of pin-up art. Born in St. Louis in 1891, Barclay studied first at the Art Institute of Chicago, then later at the Art Students League in New York City, where he studied under George Bridgman and Thomas Fogarty (artist). By the age of 21, Barclay’s work had been published in The Saturday Evening Post, Ladies’ Home Journal, and Cosmopolitan.During World War I he was awarded a prize by the Committee on National Preparedness in 1917 for his poster “Fill the Breach.” The next year, he designed naval camouflage under the direction of William Mackay, Chief of the New York District Emergency Fleet Corporation.[1]


    McClelland Barclay painting a portrait of Husband E. KimmelDuring the 1920s and 1930’s, McClelland Barclay’s images were selected for use by art directors for the nation’s most popular periodicals including Colliers, Country Gentleman, Redbook, Pictorial Review, Coronet, Country Life, Saturday Evening Post, The Ladies’ Home Journal, Cosmopolitan, and a host of movie magazines. He began painting movie poster art for Hollywood studios during the 1930s as well, and was considered a superstar in the film industry.In 1930, the General Motors selected McClelland Barclay’s ‘Fisher Body Girl’ for a series of advertisements, and she quickly became as popular as ‘The Gibson Girl’ and ‘The Christy Girl’. He used his wife, just 19 years old, as the model for the iconic Fisher Autobody image. She later appeared in magazine advertisements and was so well published with her languid body plastered across the country on billboards, that she was recognized wherever she went. He also illustrated advertisements for the A & P, Eaton Paper Company, Elgin Watches, Humming Bird Hosiery, and Lever Brothers, amongst others. His fashionable women for General Motors‘ “Body by Fisher” advertising campaign made his work recognizable to virtually every magazine reader in the United States. He also illustrated advertisements for Whitman’s Chocolates, Texaco, and Camel and Chesterfield brand cigarettes.Barclay did not limit himself to painting. In the late 1930s, Barclay set up a small company to reproduce jewelry and fabricate utilitarian figures for ashtrays, bookends, desk sets, lamps, and other articles for home and office use. These products were fabricated out of cast grey metal with a thick bronze plate finish and they retailed for just a few dollars.In June 1938, he was appointed Assistant Naval Constructor with the US Naval Reserve. In mid-1940, Barclay prepared experimental camouflage designs for Navy combat aircraft, but evaluation tests revealed that pattern camouflage was of little use for aircraft. Within weeks of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Barclay completed the first of many recruiting posters for the Navy.


    Navy Relief show poster by McClelland Barclay (1943).Appointed a Lt. Commander, Barclay worked on further camouflage assignments until 1942, when he was reported missing after the LST he was aboard was torpedoed in the Solomon Islands.

    United States Navy portal

    World War II portal
    • Pin-up girl
    • List of pinup artists

  • ^ “The Art of McClelland Barclay in the Naval Art Collection”. http://www.history.navy.mil/ac/artist/b/barclay/barclay%201.html. Retrieved 2006-05-16. 
    • The Great American Pin-Up, by Charles G. Martignette and Louis K. Meisel, ISBN 3-8228-1701-5
    • The Illustration House bio of McClelland Barclay.

    Myrna Loy

    Myrna Loy


    from the trailer for
    Libeled Lady (1936) Born Myrna Adele Williams
    August 2, 1905(1905-08-02)
    Radersburg, Montana, U.S. Died December 14, 1993 (aged 88)
    New York City, New York, U.S. Occupation Actress Years active 1925–1982 Spouse(s) Arthur Hornblow, Jr. (1936–1942) (divorced)
    John Hertz, Jr. (1942–1944) (divorced)
    Gene Markey (1946–1950) (divorced)
    Howland H. Sargeant (1951–1960) (divorced)

    Myrna Loy (August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American actress. Trained as a dancer, she devoted herself fully to an acting career following a few minor roles in silent films. Originally typecast in exotic roles, often as a vamp or a woman of Asian descent, her career prospects improved following her portrayal of Nora Charles in The Thin Man (1934). Her successful pairing with William Powell resulted in fourteen films together, including several subsequent Thin Man films.

    Contents

    Loy was born Myrna Adele Williams to Adelle Mae (née Johnson) and rancher David Franklin Williams in Radersburg, Montana, a small town near Helena.[1][2] She was of Welsh and Scottish ancestry.[3][4] Loy’s first name came from a train station whose name her father liked. Her father was also a banker and real estate developer and the youngest man ever elected to the Montana state legislature. Her mother studied music at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago.During the winter of 1912, Loy’s mother nearly died from pneumonia, and her father sent his wife and daughter to La Jolla, California. Loy’s mother saw great potential in Southern California, and during one of his visits she encouraged her husband to purchase real estate there. Among the properties he bought was land he later sold at a considerable profit to Charlie Chaplin so the filmmaker could construct his studio there. Although Loy’s mother tried to convince her husband to move to California permanently, he preferred ranch life and the three eventually returned to Montana. Soon after, Loy’s mother needed a hysterectomy and insisted Los Angeles was a safer place to have it, so she, Loy, and Loy’s brother David moved to Ocean Park, where Loy began to take dancing lessons. They continued after she returned to Montana, and at the age of twelve Myrna Williams made her stage debut performing a dance she choreographed based on The Blue Bird from the Rose Dream Operetta[5] at Helena’s Marlow Theater.[6]Following her father’s death, Loy and her family fulfilled her mother’s dream by moving to Culver City. She attended the exclusive Westlake School for Girls in Holmby Hills and continued to study dance in Downtown Los Angeles. When her teachers objected to her participating in theatrical arts, her mother enrolled her in Venice High School, and at fifteen she began appearing in local stage productions.[7]In 1921, Loy posed for Harry Winebrenner’s statue titled “Spiritual,” which remained in front of Venice High School throughout the 20th century and can be seen in the opening scenes of the 1978 film Grease. The statue was vandalized several times, and at one point was removed from display. However it has been rebuilt using bronze, and is on display again, surrounded by some thorny rosebushes to protect it[8].Loy left school at the age of eighteen to help with the family’s finances. She obtained work at Grauman’s Egyptian Theatre, where she performed in elaborate musical sequences that were related to and served as prologues for the feature film. During this period she saw Eleonora Duse in the play Thy Will Be Done, and the simple acting techniques she employed made such an impact on Loy she tried to emulate them throughout her career.[9]


    Loy in the 1926 film Across the PacificPortrait photographer Henry Waxman had taken several pictures of Loy, and they were noticed by Rudolph Valentino when the actor went to Waxman’s studio for a sitting. He was looking for a leading lady for Cobra, the first independent project he and his wife Natacha Rambova were producing. She tested for the role, which went to Gertrude Olmstead instead, but soon after she was hired as an extra for Pretty Ladies, in which she and fellow newcomer Joan Crawford were among a bevy of chorus girls dangling from an elaborate chandelier.[10]Rambova recommended Loy for a small but showy role opposite Nita Naldi in What Price Beauty? Although the film remained unreleased for three years, stills of Loy in her exotic makeup and costume appeared in a fan magazine and led to a contract with Warner Bros., where her surname was changed to Loy.[11]Loy’s silent film roles were mainly those of vamps and femme fatales, and she frequently wore yellowface to appear Asian or Eurasian in films such as Across the Pacific, A Girl in Every Port, The Crimson City, The Black Watch, and The Desert Song, which she later recalled “…kind of solidified my exotic non-American image.” [12] It took years for her to overcome this stereotype, and as late as 1932 she was cast as a villainous Eurasian half-breed in Thirteen Women. She also played a sadistic Chinese princess in The Mask of Fu Manchu, opposite Boris Karloff. Prior to that, she appeared in small roles in The Jazz Singer and a number of early lavish Technicolor musicals, including The Show of Shows, The Bride of the Regiment, and Under A Texas Moon. As a result, she became associated with musical roles, and when they began to lose favor with the public, her career went into a slump.In 1934, Loy appeared in Manhattan Melodrama with Clar
    k
    Gable and William Powell. When gangster John Dillinger was shot to death after leaving a screening of the film at the Biograph Theater in Chicago, the film received widespread publicity, with some newspapers reporting that Loy had been Dillinger’s favorite actress.[13]

    After appearing with Ramón Novarro in The Barbarian, Loy was cast as Nora Charles in the 1934 film The Thin Man. Director W. S. Van Dyke chose Loy after he detected a wit and sense of humour that her previous films had not revealed. At a Hollywood party, he pushed her into a swimming pool to test her reaction, and felt that her aplomb in handling the situation was exactly what he envisioned for Nora.[14] Louis B. Mayer at first refused to allow Loy to play the part because he felt she was a dramatic actress, but Van Dyke insisted. Mayer finally relented on the condition filming be completed within three weeks, as Loy was committed to start filming Stamboul Quest.[15] The Thin Man became one of the year’s biggest hits, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film. Loy received excellent reviews and was acclaimed for her comedic skills. She and her costar William Powell proved to be a popular screen couple and appeared in fourteen films together, one of the most prolific pairings in Hollywood history. Loy later referred to The Thin Man as the film “that finally made me… after more than 80 films”.[16]


    William Powell and Loy as Nora and Nick Charles in the 1936 film After the Thin ManHer successes in Manhattan Melodrama and The Thin Man marked a turning point in her career and she was cast in more important pictures. Such films as Wife vs. Secretary (1936) with Clark Gable and Jean Harlow and Petticoat Fever (1936) with Robert Montgomery gave her opportunity to develop comedic skills. She made four films in close succession with William Powell: Libeled Lady (1936), which also starred Spencer Tracy and Jean Harlow, The Great Ziegfeld (1936), in which she played Billie Burke opposite Powell’s Florenz Ziegfeld, the second “Thin Man” film, After the Thin Man, and the romantic comedy Double Wedding (1937). She also made three more films with Clark Gable. Parnell was an historical drama and one of the most poorly received films of either Loy’s or Gable’s career, but their other pairings in Test Pilot and Too Hot to Handle (both 1938) were successes.During this period, Loy was one of Hollywood’s busiest and highest paid actresses, and in 1937 and 1938 she was listed in the annual “Quigley Poll of the Top Ten Money Making Stars”, which was compiled from the votes of movie exhibitors throughout the U.S. for the stars that had generated the most revenue in their theaters over the previous year.[17]By this time Loy was highly regarded for her performances in romantic comedies and she was anxious to demonstrate her dramatic ability, and was cast in the lead female role in The Rains Came (1939) opposite Tyrone Power. She filmed Third Finger, Left Hand (1940) with Melvyn Douglas and appeared in I Love You Again (1940), Love Crazy (1941) and Shadow of the Thin Man (1941), all with William Powell.With the outbreak of World War II, she all but abandoned her acting career to focus on the war effort and worked closely with the Red Cross. She was so fiercely outspoken against Adolf Hitler that her name appeared on his blacklist. She helped run a Naval Auxiliary Canteen and toured frequently to raise funds.


    Loy in The Best Years of Our Lives

    She returned to films with The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), playing the wife of returning serviceman Fredric March. In later years, Loy considered this film her proudest acting achievement. Throughout her career, she had championed the rights of black actors and characters to be depicted with dignity on film.Loy was paired with Cary Grant in David O. Selznick‘s comedy film The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947). The film co-starred a teenage Shirley Temple. Following its success she appeared again with Grant in Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948), and with Clifton Webb in Cheaper by the Dozen (1950).Her film career continued sporadically afterwards. In 1960, she appeared in Midnight Lace and From the Terrace, but was not in another until 1969 in The April Fools. Her last motion picture performance was 1980 in Sidney Lumet‘s Just Tell Me What You Want. She also returned to the stage, making her Broadway debut in a short-lived 1973 revival of Clare Boothe Luce‘s The Women.

    Loy was married and divorced four times:

    • 1936-1942 Arthur Hornblow, Jr., producer
    • 1942-1944 John Hertz Jr. of the Hertz Rent A Car family
    • 1946-1950 Gene Markey, producer and screenwriter
    • 1951-1960 Howland H. Sargeant, UNESCO delegate

    Loy had no children of her own, though it is documented that she was very close to the children of her first husband, Arthur Hornblow. “Some perfect wife I am,” she said, referring to her typecasting. “I’ve been married four times, divorced four times, have no children, and can’t boil an egg.”In later life, she assumed a more influential role as Co-Chairman of the Advisory Council of the National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. In 1948 she became a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, the first Hollywood celebrity to do so.[18] She was also an active Democrat.[19]Her autobiography, Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming, was published in 1987. Loy had two mastectomies in 1975 and 1979 for breast cancer. [20]On December 14, 1993, she died during surgery in New York City at the age of 88. She was cremated in New York and the ashes interred at Forestvale Cemetery, in Helena, Montana.[21]


    Myrna Loy’s grave in Forestvale Cemetery, Helena, Montana

    In 1965 she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. She also received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center in 1988.Although Loy was never nominated for an Academy Award for any single performance, after an extensive letter writing campaign and years of lobbying by screenwriter and then-Writers Guild of America, west board member Michael Russnow, who enlisted the support of Loy’s former screen colleagues and friends such as Roddy McDowall, Sidney Sheldon, Harold Russell and many others, she received a 1991 Academy Honorary Award “for her career achievement”. She accepted via camera from her New York home, simply stating, “You’ve made me very happy. Thank you very much.” It was her last public appearance in any medium.

    Myrna Loy has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6685 Hollywood Boulevard. A building at Sony Pictures Studios, formerly

    MGM Studios, in Culver City is named in her honor.[22] A cast of her handprint and her signature are in the sidewalk in front of Theater 80, on St. Mark’s Place in New York City. [23]In 1991, The Myrna Loy Center for the Performing and Media Arts opened in downtown Helena, Montana, the capital of Montana, not far from Loy’s hometown. Located in the historic Lewis and Clark County Jail, it sponsors live performances and alternative films for under-served audiences.On August 2, 2005, the centenary of Loy’s birth, Warner Home Video released the six films from The Thin Man series, on DVD as a boxed set.

    Main article: Myrna Loy filmography

  • ^ http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/l/Myrna%20Loy/dc.jpg
  • ^ MyrnaLoy.org
  • ^ Myrna Loy, Once And Always;Actress, Activist & American Ideal: The Kennedy Center Honors a Star|Article from The Washington Post|HighBeam Research
  • ^ Myrna’s Back – And Boyer’s Got Her – Free Preview – The New York Times
  • ^ A Rose Dream: A Fairy Operetta for Young People in Two Scenes, 1915
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, James and Loy, Myrna, Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming. New York: Alfred A. Knopf 1987. ISBN 0-394-55593-7, pp. 17-18
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 25-29
  • ^ Los Angeles Times newspaper, April 11, 201
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 33-34
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 37-41
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 42-43
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, p. 66
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, p. 97
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, p. 88
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 88-89
  • ^ Kotsilibas-Davis, pp. 88-91
  • ^ “The 2007 Motion Picture Almanac, Top Ten Money Making Stars”. Quigley Publishing Company. http://www.quigleypublishing.com/MPalmanac/Top10/Top10_lists.html. Retrieved 2007-07-11. 
  • ^ Myrna Loy at Hollywood.com
  • ^ Myrna Loy biodata at emol.org archives
  • ^ Myrna Loy biodata at Movietome.com
  • ^ About Us, Myrna Loy Center website, accessed October 3, 2009
  • ^ “Sony Pictures Studios – Studio Lot Map” (PDF). http://www.sonypicturesstudios.com/clientsection/downloads/SPELotMap.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  • ^ “Village Sidewalk”. http://www.forgotten-ny.com/STREET%20SCENES/ST%20MARKS/sidewalk.html. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  • Cleo Moore

    Cleo Moore

    Born Cleouna Moore
    October 31, 1928(1928-10-31)
    Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S. Died October 28, 1973 (aged 44)
    Inglewood, California, U.S. Years active 1948–1957 Spouse(s) Palmer Long (1944, six weeks)
    Herbert Heftler (1961–1973)

    Cleouna[citation needed]”Cleo” Moore (October 31, 1928 – October 28, 1973) was an American actress, usually seen in the role of a blonde bombshell, in 1950s Hollywood films.

    Contents

    Cleouna Moore was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and raised in nearby Gonzales, Louisiana.

    She made her film debut in 1948 movie serial Congo Bill, and worked for Warner Bros. in 1950 and for RKO Radio Pictures in 1950–52 before signing with Columbia Pictures in 1952. She first gained attention as a doomed gun moll on Nicholas Ray‘s film noir On Dangerous Ground in 1951.Moore began starring in films in 1952. Her films include One Girl’s Confession (1953), Women’s Prison (1955), Hold Back Tomorrow (1955), Over-Exposed (1956) and Hit and Run (1957). She was often starred in films directed by actor/director Hugo Haas and appeared opposite John Agar, Richard Crenna, Vince Edwards, and Robert Ryan among other actors.During this period Moore was one of several buxom blondes to achieve notability following Marilyn Monroe‘s major breakthrough, the others including Jayne Mansfield, Mamie Van Doren, Diana Dors, Sheree North, and Barbara Nichols. In the mid 1950s Columbia considered starring Moore in a film biography on Jean Harlow‘s life but the project did not eventuate.Moore made headlines with several publicity stunts, notably a five minute kiss on live Chicago television in 1954 and her tongue-in-cheek pledge to one day run for Governor of Louisiana, having once been married to the youngest son of Huey Long, Palmer.Moore began attracting a cult following in the 1980s with the airings of her bad girl movies on television and particularly in movie collectors circles via vintage posters and memorabilia issued for her films. Sony Pictures released three Moore titles Over-Exposed, One Girl’s Confession, and Women’s Prison in a DVD set entitled Bad Girls of Film Noir Volume II. The set also included as a bonus feature a 1954 television drama starring Moore.

    Moore found success as a businesswoman as a real estate developer after her screen career ended in the late 1950s. She had been out of the limelight for many years when she died in her sleep at home. Moore had three sisters Mari, Voni, and Jonnie. She is interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood, California.

    • Hit and Run (1957)
    • Over-Exposed (1956)
    • Hold Back Tomorrow (1955)
    • Women’s Prison (1955)
    • The Other Woman (1954)
    • Bait (1954)
    • Thy Neighbor’s Wife (1953)
    • One Girl’s Confession (1953)
    • Strange Fascination (1952)
    • The Pace That Thrills (1952)
    • On Dangerous Ground (1952)
    • Gambling House (1951)
    • Hunt the Man Down (1950)
    • Rio Grande Patrol (1950)
    • The Great Jewel Robbery (1950)
    • 711 Ocean Drive (1950)
    • This Side of the Law (1950)
    • Bright Leaf (1950)
    • Dynamite Pass (1950)
    • Congo Bill (1948)
    • Embraceable You (1948)

    Joi Lansing

    Joi Lansing


    Lansing in “Superman’s Wife”
    (Adventures of Superman, 1958) Born Joyce Rae Brown
    April 6, 1929(1929-04-06)
    Salt Lake City, Utah Died August 7, 1972 (aged 43)
    Santa Monica, California Other names Joyce Wassmansdorff Occupation Model, actress, singer Years active 1937–1970

    Joi Lansing (April 6, 1929 – August 7, 1972) was a model, film and television actress, and nightclub singer.

    Contents

    Lansing was born Joyce Rae Brown in Salt Lake City, Utah to Jack Glenn Brown, a shoe salesman, and Virginia Grace Shupe Brown, a housewife. She would later be known as Joyce Wassmansdorff, which was the surname of her stepfather. She began modeling in her teens,[1] and, aged 14, was signed to a contract at MGM. She completed high school on the studio lot.

    A model and actress, Lansing was often cast in roles similar to those played by her contemporaries, Jayne Mansfield and Mamie Van Doren. She was frequently clad in skimpy costumes and bikinis that accentuated her attractive figure, but never posed nude. Lansing practiced yoga for relaxation. A Mormon, she did not drink or smoke.


    Hot Cars, 1956Lansing’s film career began in 1948, and, in 1952, she played an uncredited role in MGM’s Singin’ in the Rain. She received top billing in Hot Cars (1956). In the opening sequence of Orson Welles‘s Touch of Evil (1958), she appeared as Zita, the dancer who dies at the end of the famous first tracking shot, during which her character exclaims to a border guard, “I keep hearing this ticking noise inside my head!” Lansing had a brief role as an astronaut’s girlfriend in the 1958 sci-fi classic Queen of Outer Space. During the 1950s, she starred in short musical films for the Scopitone video-jukebox system. Her songs included “The Web of Love” and “The Silencers”.In the 1964, producer Stanley Todd discussed a film project with Lansing tentatively titled Project 22 with location shooting planned in Yugoslavia and George Hamilton and Geraldine Chaplin named to the cast. The movie was never made. Lansing played “Lola” in Marriage on the Rocks (1965) with a cast that included Frank Sinatra, Deborah Kerr, and Dean Martin. One of her last films was Bigfoot (1970).

    Lansing appeared in The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, I Love Lucy, State Trooper, This Man Dawson, Maverick, and had a recurring role in The Beverly Hillbillies. She is best known perhaps as Shirley Swanson in The Bob Cummings Show or Love That Bob (1956-1959). She appeared in several episodes as a busty model who was the foil for photographer Cummings. The series ran for 173 episodes. She also appeared as the title character in “Superman’s Wife,” a 1958 episode of The Adventures of Superman.Perhaps Lansing’s least seen role was as the leading lady in The Fountain of Youth, a Peabody Award-winning unsold television pilot directed by Orson Welles for Desilu in 1956 and broadcast once for the Colgate Theatre two years later. The half-hour film remains available for public viewing at the Paley Center for Media in New York City and Los Angeles.In the 1960–1961 season of the NBC Western Klondike, Lansing appeared as Goldie with Ralph Taeger, James Coburn, and Mari Blanchard. In May 1963, Lansing appeared in Falcon Frolics ’63. The broadcast honored the men stationed at the Vandenberg Air Force Base. By 1956, she had appeared in more than 200 television shows.She named Ozzie Nelson as possessing the greatest sex appeal of any actor with whom she worked. The two played a love scene in a Fireside Theater drama. The show was hosted by Jane Wyman. Lansing was sometimes referred to as television’s Marilyn Monroe.[citation needed]

    Lansing broke into night club entertaining in 1965. She had taken up singing during an actors strike in the early 1960s. In May 1965, Lansing cut her first record album. It was composed of a collection of songs written especially for her by composer Jimmie Haskel and actress Stella Stevens. [2] Lansing performed in the Fiesta Room in Las Vegas, Nevada, in July 1966. Featured on the bill were Red Buttons and Jayne Mansfield.

    In 1972 Joi Lansing died from breast cancer at St. John’s Hospital in Santa Monica, California where she had initially been treated surgically for the disease earlier the same year.

    • When a Girl’s Beautiful (1947)
    • Linda Be Good (1947)
    • The Counterfeiters (1948)
    • Easter Parade (1948)
    • Julia Misbehaves (1948)
    • Blondie’s Secret (1948)
    • Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949)
    • Neptune’s Daughter (1949)
    • The Girl from Jones Beach (1949)
    • In the Good Old Summertime (1949)
    • On the Riviera (1951)
    • Pier 23 (1951)
    • FBI Girl (1951)
    • Two Tickets to Broadway (1951)
    • Singin’ in the Rain (1952)
    • The Merry Widow (1952)
    • The French Line (1954)
    • Son of Sinbad (1955)
    • Finger Man (1955)
    • Hot Cars (1956)
    • Hot Shots (1956)
    • The Brave One (1957)
    • Touch of Evil (1958)
    • Queen of Outer Space (1958)
    • A Hole in the Head (1959)
    • It Started with a Kiss (1959)
    • But Not for Me (1959)
    • The Atomic Submarine (1959)
    • Who Was That Lady? (1960)
    • Marriage on the Rocks (1965)
    • Hillbillys in a Haunted House (1967)
    • Bigfoot (1970)

    • Super Cue Men (1937)
    • So You Want to Go to a Nightclub (1954)
    • So You’re Taking in a Roomer (1954)
    • So You Want to Be on a Jury (1955)
    • So You Want to Be a V.P. (1955)
    • So You Want to Be a Policeman (1955)
    • So You Think the Grass Is Greener (1956)
    • The Fountain of Youth (1958)

  • ^ Joi Lansing at Find a Grave
  • ^ http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=145531677647017896&q=****
    • Charleston Gazette, “Sexy Blonde Yearns for Drama”, June 13, 1957, Page 4.
    • Chronicle Telegram, “Actress Joi Lansing to be buried Friday”, August 9, 1972, Page 6.
    • Long Beach Press-Telegram, “Her Voice Isn’t Bad, Either”, May 7, 1965, Page 37.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Filmland Events”, May 21, 1963, Page C7.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Filmland Events”, December 25, 1964, Page D16.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Filmland Events”, January 1, 1965, Page C6.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Hollywood Calendar”, April 25, 1965, Page N8.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Humor, Social Commentary”, April 26, 1965, Page D10.
    • Los Angeles Times, “Talent Heads Downtown”, July 12, 1966, Page C8.
    • San Mateo Times, “Joi Lansing Turns Up and Talks About Men Actors”, October 13, 1956, Page 22.

    Sabrina (actress)

    Sabrina


    Sabrina (centre, obviously!) Born Norma Ann Sykes
    19 May 1936 (1936-05-19) (age 74)
    Stockport, Cheshire Nationality British Occupation Actress

    Norma Ann Sykes (born 19 May 1936), known as Sabrina, was a 1950s English glamour model who progressed to a minor movie career. Her main claim to fame was her hourglass figure of prodigious breasts coupled with a tiny 17″ waist. Sabrina had a natural waist-hip ratio of 0.47, from the waist measurement of 17″ and her hips at 36″ when she first started modelling, although she deliberately filled out in later years when advised by several model agencies.Born in Stockport, Cheshire, she moved to London in 1952 as a sixteen-year-old, and did some nude modelling, the evidence of which she later tried to destroy. In 1955, she was chosen to play a dumb blonde sidekick in Arthur Askey‘s new ITV series, Before Your Very Eyes, and this soon made her a household name. The Goon Show scripts are littered with references to her bosom such as “by the measurements of Sabrina!” and “by the sweaters of Sabrina!” British aircrews of the 1950s Royal Air Force dubbed some versions of the Hawker Hunter fighter plane, “Sabrinas” due to two large humps on the underside of the aircraft.In the late 1950s the British truck manufacturer “ERF” produced a semi-forward control HGV with a short protruding bonnet- these vehicles were also nicknamed “sabrinas” because they had “a little more in front.”In one of her first movie roles, Blue Murder at St Trinian’s (1957) she had a non-speaking role in which she was only required to sit up in bed wearing a nightdress, reading a book, while the action took place around her — despite sharing equal billing with the star Alastair Sim on posters and appearing in many publicity stills in school uniform. She appeared in a few more films and made recordings as a singer. Her penultimate movie role was in the horror movie The Ice House (1969), as a replacement for Jayne Mansfield who had recently died in a car accident. Her last film was a year later in the western, The Phantom Gunslinger (1970) where she starred alongside the late Troy Donahue.In 1967 she married Dr Harold Melsheimer, a Hollywood plastic surgeon. They divorced ten years later. She currently lives in Hollywood.

    Dorothy Lamour

    Dorothy Lamour


    in Road to Bali (1952) Born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton
    December 10, 1914(1914-12-10)
    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S. Died September 22, 1996 (aged 81)
    Los Angeles, California, U.S. Occupation Actress Years active 1933—1994 Spouse(s) Herbie Kay (1935–1939)
    William Ross Howard III (1943–1978) 2 children

    Dorothy Lamour (December 10, 1914 – September 22, 1996) was an American film actress. She is probably best-remembered for appearing in the Road to… movies, a series of successful comedies co-starring Bob Hope and Bing Crosby.[1]

    Contents

    Lamour was born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton in New Orleans, Louisiana, the daughter of Carmen Louise (née LaPorte) and John Watson Slaton, both of whom were waiters.[2] Lamour had French Louisianan, Spanish and Irish descent.[3] Her parents’ marriage lasted only a few years, with her mother re-marrying to Clarence Lambour, and Dorothy took his last name. The marriage also ended in divorce when Dorothy was a teenager. The family finances were so desperate that when she was 15, she forged her mother’s name to a document that authorized her to drop out of school. Later, however, she did go to a secretarial school that did not require her to have a high school diploma. She regarded herself as an excellent typist and usually typed her own letters, even after she became quite wealthy.After she won the 1931 Miss New Orleans beauty contest, she and her mother moved to Chicago, where Lamour earned $17 a week as an elevator operator for the Marshall Field department store on State Street. She had no training as a singer but was persuaded by a friend to try out for a female vocalist’s spot with Herbie Kay, a band leader who had a national radio show called “The Yeast Foamers”, apparently because it was sponsored by Fleischmann’s Yeast.She left Kay’s group and moved to Manhattan, where Rudy Vallee, then a popular singer, helped her get a singing job at a popular night club, El Morocco. She later worked at 1 Fifth Avenue, a cabaret where she met Louis B. Mayer, the Hollywood studio chief. It was Mayer who eventually arranged for her to have a screen test, which led to her Paramount contract in 1935.In 1935, she had her own fifteen-minute weekly musical program on NBC Radio. She also sang on the popular Rudy Vallee radio show. When she was at her zenith as a star, her fans suggested that an agent had adopted her last name from the French word for “love” as a box-office ploy. In fact, the name was close to one in the family; Lamour adapted it herself from Lambour, which was the last name of her stepfather, Clarence.Early in her career, Lamour met J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to Hoover’s biographer Richard Hack,[4] Hoover pursued Lamour romantically, but she was initially interested only in friendship with him. Hoover and Lamour remained close friends to the end of Hoover’s life, and after his 1972 death, Lamour did not deny rumors that she’d had an affair with him in the years after she divorced Kay.

    In 1936, she moved to Hollywood and began appearing regularly in films for Paramount Pictures. The role that made her a star was Ulah (a sort of female Tarzan) in The Jungle Princess (1936). She wore a sarong, which would become associated with her. While she first achieved stardom as a sex symbol, Lamour also showed talent as both a comic and dramatic actress. She was among the most popular actresses in motion pictures from 1936 to 1952.She starred in the “Road to…” movie series with Bing Crosby and Bob Hope in the 1940s and 1950s. The movies were enormously popular during the 1940s, and they regularly placed among the top moneymaking films each year. While the films centered more on Hope and Crosby, Lamour held her own as their “straight man“, looked beautiful, and sang some of her most popular songs. Her contribution to the films was considered by the public and theater owners of equal importance to that of Crosby and Hope during the series’ golden era, 1940-1952. The series essentially ended with the release of Road to Bali in 1952, with her career declining while co-stars Hope and Crosby remained major show business figures.During the World War II years, Lamour was among the most popular pinup girls among American servicemen, along with Betty Grable, Rita Hayworth, Lana Turner and Veronica Lake. Lamour was also largely responsible for starting up the war bond tours in which movie stars would travel the country selling U.S. government bonds to the public. Lamour alone promoted the sale of over $21 million dollars worth of war bonds, and other stars promoted the sale of a billion more.Some of Dorothy Lamour’s other notable films include John Ford‘s The Hurricane (1937), Spawn of the North (1938), Disputed Passage (1939), Johnny Apollo (1940), Aloma of the South Seas (1941), Beyond the Blue Horizon (1942), Dixie (1943), A Medal for Benny (1945), My Favorite Brunette (1947), On Our Merry Way (1948) and the best picture Oscar-winner The Greatest Show on Earth (1952). Her leading men included William Holden, Tyrone Power, Ray Milland, Henry Fonda, Jack Benny, George Raft, and Fred MacMurray.Dorothy Lamour starred in a number of movie musicals and sang in many of her comedies and dramatic films as well. She introduced a number of standards, including “The Moon of Manakoora”, “I Remember You”, “It Could Happen to You”, “Personality”, and “But Beautiful”.Lamour’s film career petered out in the early 1950s, and she began a new career as a nightclub entertainer and occasional stage actress. In the 1960s, she returned to the screen for secondary roles in three films and became more active in the legitimate theater, headlining a road company of Hello Dolly! for over a year near the end of the decade.

    Lamour’s good humor and lack of pretension allowed her to have a remarkably long career in show business for someone best known as a glamour girl. She
    wa
    s a popular draw on the dinner theatre circuit of the 1970s. In the 1960s and 1970s, she lived with her longtime husband William Ross Howard III (whom she married in 1943), in the Baltimore suburb of Towson, Maryland.[5] He died in 1978. Lamour published her autobiography My Side of the Road in 1980, revived her nightclub act, and performed in plays and television shows such as Hart to Hart, Crazy Like a Fox, and Murder, She Wrote.During the 1990s, she made only a handful of professional appearances but she remained a popular interview subject for publications and TV talk and news programs. In 1995, the musical Swinging on a Star, a revue of songs written by Johnny Burke opened on Broadway and ran for three months; Lamour was credited as a “special advisor”. Burke wrote many of the most famous “Road to…” movie songs as well as the score to Lamour’s And the Angels Sing. The musical was nominated for the Best Musical Tony Award and the actress playing “Dorothy Lamour” in the Road movie segment, Kathy Fitzgerald, was also nominated.Lamour died at her home in North Hollywood, California at the age of 81 from a heart attack. She was interred in the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California, after a Catholic funeral service.

    • Footlight Parade (1933)
    • College Holiday (1936)
    • The Jungle Princess (1936)
    • Swing High, Swing Low (1937)
    • The Last Train from Madrid (1937)
    • High, Wide, and Handsome (1937)
    • The Hurricane (1937)
    • Thrill of a Lifetime (1937)
    • The Big Broadcast of 1938 (1938)
    • Her Jungle Love (1938)
    • Tropic Holiday (1938)
    • Spawn of the North (1938)
    • St. Louis Blues (1939)
    • Man About Town (1939)
    • Disputed Passage (1939)
    • Road to Singapore (1940)
    • Johnny Apollo (1940)
    • Typhoon (1940)
    • Moon Over Burma (1940)
    • Chad Hanna (1940)
    • Road to Zanzibar (1941)
    • Caught in the Draft (1941)
    • Aloma of the South Seas (1941)
    • The Fleet’s In (1942)
    • Beyond the Blue Horizon (1942)
    • Road to Morocco (1942)
    • Star Spangled Rhythm (1942)
    • They Got Me Covered (1943)
    • Dixie (1943)
    • Riding High (1943)
    • And the Angels Sing (1944)
    • Rainbow Island (1944)
    • A Medal for Benny (1945)
    • Duffy’s Tavern (1945)
    • Masquerade in Mexico (1945)
    • Road to Utopia (1946)
    • My Favorite Brunette (1947)
    • Variety Girl (1947)
    • Wild Harvest (1947)
    • Road to Rio (1947)
    • On Our Merry Way (1948)
    • Lulu Belle (film) (1948)
    • The Girl from Manhattan (1948)
    • The Lucky Stiff (1949)
    • Slightly French (1949)
    • Manhandled (1949)
    • Here Comes the Groom (1951) (Cameo)
    • The Greatest Show on Earth (1952)
    • Road to Bali (1952)
    • The Road to Hong Kong (1962) (cameo)
    • Donovan’s Reef (1963)
    • Pajama Party (1964)
    • The Phynx (1970)
    • Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976) (cameo)
    • Creepshow 2 (1987)

    • The Stars Can’t Be Wrong (1936)
    • Hollywood Handicap (1938)
    • Meet the Stars #1: Chinese Garden Festival (1940)
    • Show Business at War (1943)
    • Unusual Occupations: Film Tot Holiday (1947)
    • Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Shower of Stars (1955)

    Lamour was the heroine of a novel, Dorothy Lamour and the Haunted Lighthouse (1947, by Matilda Bailey), where “the heroine has the same name and appearance as the famous actress but has no connection … it is as though the famous actress has stepped into an alternate reality in which she is an ordinary person.” The story was written for a young teenage audience and is reminiscent of the adventures of Nancy Drew. It is part of a series known as “Whitman Authorized Editions”, 16 books published between 1941-1947 that featured a film actress as heroine.[6]The real Lamour’s autobiography, My Side of the Road, was published by Prentice-Hall in 1980.[7]She also had a brief print run of 2-3 issues during the 1950’s in “Dorothy Lamour Jungle Princess Comics” – A series of comic books dedicated to her movie Jungle Princess persona. (featuring screen shots from past movies as the covers.)

  • ^ “Dorothy Lamour, 81, Sultry Sidekick in Road Films, Dies”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1996/09/23/us/dorothy-lamour-81-sultry-sidekick-in-road-films-dies.html?scp=66&sq=murder%20she%20wrote&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-20. 
  • ^ Dorothy Lamour: 1914-1996 By RICHARD SEVERO
  • ^ Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton Google Book search
  • ^ Hack, Richard Puppetmaster: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover. (2007). Phoenix Books. ISBN 1597775126
  • ^ Mary Katherine Scheeler (“One of the hits of the tour was the former home of Dorothy Lamour”) (December 7, 2006). “Towson Times”. http://news.mywebpal.com/news_tool_v2.cfm?pnpid=659&show=archivedetails&ArchiveID=1233906&om=1. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  • ^ Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls, accessed September 10, 2009
  • ^ My Side of the Road by Dorothy Lamour on Goodreads.com, accessed April 17, 2010