Jami Deadly

Jami Deadly

Jami At The Marilyn Monroe Exhibit in Dallas Born May 18, 1979(1979-05-18) Occupation model, actress, burlesque dancer, horror host and singer

Jami Deadly (born May 18, 1979) (sometimes credited as Jami Edwards) is an American born actress, glamour model, singer, burlesque dancer, and horror host.[1] Jami grew up in Texas where she starred in the NTTV show, Deadly Cinema. Jami has been featured in Lowrider, Rue Morgue, Skin Two, Marquis, Deadbeat Magazine, Ol’ Skool Rodz, Bite Me, CK Deluxe, Action Magazine, and Bachelor Pad.[2][3] Jami currently lives in Las Vegas, Nevada.[4][5]


Jami Deadly hosted her own show on NTTV.[6] The show follows characters located in an unknown cemetery. The show also featured Public Domain horror films that the main characters would heckle. Jami’s co-stars included Alex Fuhrmann, Drew Edwards, Dante Martinez, Zack Beseda and Bryan Kelly. Writer, director, producer, editor and actor for the show, Matthew Muhl, states about making the show: “We made it, blood, sweat, tears, and all. But mostly blood”.[6] The show aired its first episode in October 2003, and its final episode in October 2005.[6] The three-disc DVD set which includes the complete first and second seasons and video commentary, bloopers, advertisements and the half-hour retrospective documentary “Fade to Pink: The Making of Deadly Cinema” is currently available through MySpace.[6]Deadly Cinema was prominently featured in “Vampira: The Movie”, a 2006 documentary about the late Maila Nurmi, best known as Vampira, the very first horror host.Deadly Cinema is currently in production of a comic book adaptation of “Deadly Cinema: The Movie”, with art by Scott D.M. Simmons.[7] It is scheduled for Christmas 2008 in celebration of the show’s 5th Anniversary.Deadly Cinema was awarded an NTTV Golden Television Award for “Best Entertainment Show” and a Texas Intercollegiate Press Association Award for “Best Television Production”, both in 2005.[citation needed]

Jami is also a well known Marilyn Monroe tribute artist.[8] She found Marilyn at an early age when she first saw, Some Like It Hot.[9] “I thought she was just incredible. She was so glamorous and talented. I was hooked” Jami says about Marilyn.[9] Jami appeared as Marilyn Monroe for the State Fair of Texas in 2006.[9] Jami’s transformation into Marilyn Monroe hasn’t been an easy one. A coach helped her coax her Texas twang into Marilyn’s breathiness. She’s taken singing and dancing lessons to perfect Marilyn’s routines. And her blond hair requires weekly peroxide applications.[9] Jami continues to work as a Marilyn Monroe tribute artist.[10]

Jami is also well known for her modeling career. She has modeled for Poison Candy,[11] Versatile Fashions,[12] and various other clothing companies. Jami has been photographed by companies like 666 Photography,[13] and Varga Photography who shot the cover for her Bachelor Pad Magazine cover.[14] She was also a SuicideGirls model.[15] She is a popular burlesque performer who has opened for Dita Von Teese.[16] Jami is also one of the originators of the “neo-pinup” model.[7] In September 2005 Jami was awarded Scream Queen of the month by screamqueen.com.[2]

Year Film Role
2006 Vampira: The Movie Herself
2007 Devil Girl Burlesque Performer
Year Title Role
2003–2005 Deadly Cinema Jami Deadly

  • ^ http://www.pretty-scary.net/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=519
  • ^ a b http://www.screamqueen.com/09-05.shtml
  • ^ http://www.yourmomsbasement.com/archives/2008/11/hackoween_inter_1.html
  • ^ http://celebrityimpersonatorconventions.com/press/vegashappenings.pdf
  • ^ http://www.aubreyedwards.com/archives/2007/04/000892portrait.html
  • ^ a b c d Koellman, Amanda (25 October 2005). “‘Deadly Cinema’ closes curtains one last time”. North Texas Daily (official student newspaper of University of North Texas). http://media.www.ntdaily.com/media/storage/paper877/news/2005/10/25/Arts/deadly.Cinema.Closes.Curtains.One.Last.Time-1894490.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  • ^ a b http://www.horrorgarage.com/horror/garage-grrls-jami-deadly-1.php
  • ^ http://magazine.ministryofburlesque.com/interview-with-jami-deadly/
  • ^ a b c d Menzer, Katie (25 October 2006). “Marilyn impersonator has the facts and figure”. The Dallas Morning News. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/news/localnews/statefair/stories/100806dnmetmarilyn.2d46e8e.html. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  • ^ http://www.modelmayhem.com/6159
  • ^ http://www.poisoncandyfashion.com/dresses_d44.htm
  • ^ http://www.versatilefashions.com/product_info.php?products_id=1220
  • ^ https://www.virb.com/makeupartist/photos/797782
  • ^ http://www.pinuppost.com/modern-pinups/bachelor-pad-magazine-featuring-jami-deadly/
  • ^ http://viamarie.deviantart.com/art/The-Modern-Marilyn-2-100040781
  • ^ http://okpunkscene.brinkster.net/archives/dita3.txt
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    Sally Rand

    Sally Rand

    Born Helen Harriet Beck
    April 3, 1904(1904-04-03)
    Hickory County, Missouri, U.S. Died August 31, 1979 (aged 75)
    Glendora, California, U.S. Other names Billie Beck Occupation Burlesque dancer
    Actress Years active 1925–1979 Spouse(s) Clarence Robbins (?–?)
    Thurkel Greenough (1941–?)
    Harry Finkelstein (1949–1950)
    Fred Lalla (1954–?)

    Text document with red question mark.svg This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (October 2009)

    Sally Rand (April 3, 1904 [1] – August 31, 1979) was a burlesque dancer and actress, most noted for her ostrich feather fan dance and balloon bubble dance. She also performed under the name Billie Beck.


    Helen Harriet Beck was born in Hickory County, Missouri. During the 1920s, she acted on stage and appeared in silent films. Cecil B. DeMille gave her the name Sally Rand, inspired by a Rand McNally atlas. She was selected as one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars in 1927. After the introduction of sound film, she became a dancer, known for the fan dance, which she popularized starting at the Paramount Club. Her most famous appearance was at the 1933 Chicago World’s Fair entitled Century of Progress. She had been arrested four times in a single day during the fair due to perceived indecent exposure while riding a white horse down the streets of Chicago, but the nudity was only an illusion. She also conceived and developed the bubble dance, in part to cope with wind while performing outdoors. She performed the fan dance on film in Bolero, released in 1934.[citation needed]In 1936, she purchased The Music Box burlesque hall in San Francisco, which would later become the Great American Music Hall. She starred in “Sally Rand’s Nude Ranch” at the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco in 1939 and 1940.[2]She appeared on television in 1957, on an episode of To Tell the Truth with host Bud Collyer and panelists Polly Bergen, Ralph Bellamy, Kitty Carlisle, and Carl Reiner. She did not “stump the panel” but was correctly identified by all four panelists. She continued to appear on stage doing her fan dance into the 1960s. Rand once replaced Ann Corio in the stage show, This Was Burlesque, during the 1960s. Rand appeared at the Mitchell Brothers in San Francisco in the early 1970s. Later, she appeared with Tempest Storm and Blaze Starr.[citation needed]

    She died in 1979 in Glendora, California, aged 75, from undisclosed causes.

    • In Tex Avery‘s cartoon Hollywood Steps Out (1941), a rotoscoped Rand performs her famous bubble dance onstage to an appreciative crowd. A grinning Peter Lorre caricature in the front row comments, “I haven’t seen such a beautiful bubble since I was a child.” The routine continues until the bubble is suddenly popped by Harpo Marx and his slingshot, with a surprised Rand (her nudity covered by a well-placed wooden barrel) reacting with shock. Rand is referred to as “Sally Strand” here.
    • Sally Rand and her 1933 World’s Fair fan-dance were mentioned in the 1972 episode of The Waltons entitled “The Carnival”. She was the model of several characters in Robert A. Heinlein‘s stories, such as the Mary-Lou Martin of “Let There Be Light“.[citation needed]
    • Rand was also included in Heinlein’s final book, To Sail Beyond The Sunset, as a friend of main character, Maureen Johnson Long, mother of Lazarus Long.
    • In the 1979 book The Right Stuff, the author Tom Wolfe described Sally Rand fan-dancing for the first American astronauts and other dignitaries and referred to the astronauts observing this sixtyish woman’s “ancient haunches”. In the 1983 film version of The Right Stuff, Rand was portrayed by actress Peggy Davis.
    • A fictionalized version of Rand appeared in Toni Dove‘s interactive cinema project,

    Spectropia, played by Helen Pickett of the Wooster Group.

    • In the 1936 Merrie Melodie cartoon Page Miss Glory, a robustly proportioned matron performs a parody of Rand’s fan dance.


    • The Dressmaker from Paris (1925)
    • The Texas Bearcat (1925)
    • The Road to Yesterday (1925)
    • Braveheart (1925)
    • Bachelor Brides (1926)
    • Sunny Side Up (1926)
    • Gigolo (1926)
    • Man Bait (1927)
    • The Night of Love (1927)
    • Getting Gertie’s Garter (1927)
    • The Yankee Clipper (1927)
    • The King of Kings (1927)
    • His Dog (1927)
    • The Fighting Eagle (1927)
    • Galloping Fury (1927)
    • Heroes in Blue (1927)
    • A Woman Against the World (1928)
    • Crashing Through (1928)
    • Nameless Men (1928)
    • A Girl in Every Port (1928)
    • Golf Widows (1928)
    • Black Feather (1928)
    • The Sign of the Cross (1932)
    • Hotel Variety (1933)
    • Bolero (1934)
    • The Sunset Murder Case (1938)

    Short Subjects:

    • The Czarina’s Secret (1928)

  • ^ Born April 3, 1904 per SSDI under the name Helen Beck; SS#349-10-3000. According to the 1920 U.S. census, her parents were William F. and Lillie Beck, and she had a younger brother, Harold; the family was then residing in Jackson County, Missouri, not Hickory County.
  • ^ “Sally Rand and The Music Box”, Virtual Museum of San Francisco
    • Knox, Holly. Sally Rand From Films to Fans. Published by Maverick Publications (1988); ISBN# 0892881720

    Lupe Vélez

    Lupe Vélez

    Lupe Vélez in Laughing Boy (1934) Born María Guadalupe Villalobos Vélez
    July 18, 1908(1908-07-18)
    San Luis Potosi, Mexico Died December 13, 1944 (aged 36)
    Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S. Other names “Mexican Spitfire” Occupation Actress Years active 1927–1944 Spouse(s) Johnny Weismuller (1933–1939)

    Lupe Vélez (July 18, 1908 – December 13, 1944) was a Mexican film actress. Vélez began her career in Mexico as a dancer, before moving to the U.S. where she worked in vaudeville. She was seen by Fanny Brice who promoted her, and Vélez soon entered films, making her first appearance in 1924. By the end of the decade she had progressed to leading roles. With the advent of talking pictures Vélez acted in comedies, but she became disappointed with her film career, and moved to New York where she worked in Broadway productions.Returning to Hollywood in 1939, she made a series of comedies. She also made some films in Mexico. Vélez’s personal life was often difficult; a five year marriage to Johnny Weissmuller and a series of romances, were highly publicized. Vélez committed suicide in 1944. She is often associated with the nicknames “The Mexican Spitfire” and “The Hot Pepper”.[citation needed]


    Vélez was born María Guadalupe Villalobos Vélez in the city of San Luis Potosí in Mexico, the daughter of an army officer (Jacobo Villalobos Reyes) and his wife (Josefina Vélez), an opera singer, both from prominent families in the state of San Luis Potosí. Because at that time becoming an artist and coming from a well-to-do family was seen as embarrassing, her father refused to let her use his last name in theater, so she used her mother’s surname. Lupe was educated at a convent school in Texas. From an early age, she had a strong temper and an explosive personality. She took dancing lessons and in 1924, made her performing debut at the Teatro Principal in Mexico City. In 1923 she moved to Texas, where she began dancing in vaudeville shows and finding work as a sales assistant. She moved to California, where she met the comedienne Fanny Brice, who promoted her career as a dancer[1]. In 1924 she was first cast in movies by Hal Roach.

    with Ramón Novarro in Laughing Boy (1934).Vélez’s first feature-length film was The Gaucho (1927) starring Douglas Fairbanks. The next year, she was named one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars, the young starlets deemed to be most promising for movie stardom. Most of her early films cast her in exotic or ethnic roles (Hispanic, Native American, French, Russian, even Asian).She worked under the direction of notable film directors like Victor Fleming in The Wolf Song (1929) opposite Gary Cooper; D.W Griffith in Lady of the Pavements (1928) and Cecil B. de Mille in The Squaw Man in 1931. By the end of the silent era the sparkling personality of Lupe rivalled that of the Flapper Girl, Clara Bow.Within a few years Vélez found her niche in comedies, playing beautiful but volatile foils to comedy stars. Her slapstick battle with Laurel and Hardy in Hollywood Party and her dynamic presence opposite Jimmy Durante in Palooka (both 1934) are typically enthusiastic Vélez performances. She was featured in the final Wheeler & Woolsey comedy, High Flyers (1937), doing impersonations of Simone Simon, Dolores del Río, and Shirley Temple.In 1934, Velez was one of the victims of the “open season” of the “reds” in Hollywood. With Dolores del Río, Ramón Novarro and James Cagney, she was accused of promoting communism in California.Vélez was now nearing 30 and hadn’t yet become a major star. Disappointed, she left Hollywood for Broadway. In New York, she landed a role in You Never Know, a short-lived Cole Porter musical. After the run of You Never Know, Vélez looked for film work in other countries. Returning to Hollywood in 1939, she snared the lead in a B comedy for RKO Radio Pictures, The Girl from Mexico. She established such a rapport with co-star Leon Errol that RKO made a quick sequel, Mexican Spitfire, which became a very popular series. Vélez perfected her comic character, indulging in broken-English malaprops, troublemaking ideas, and sudden fits of temper bursting into torrents of Spanish invective. She occasionally sang in these films, and often displayed a talent for hectic, visual comedy. Vélez enjoyed making these films and can be seen openly breaking up at Leon Errol’s comic ad libs.The Spitfire films rejuvenated Lupe Vélez’s career, and for the next few years she starred in musical and comedy features for RKO, Universal Pictures, and Columbia Pictures in addition to the Spitfire films. In one of her last films, Columbia’s Redhead from Manhattan, she played a dual role: one in her exaggerated comic dialect, and the other in her actual speaking voice, which was surprisingly fluid and had only traces of a Mexican accent.Lupe Vélez was very popular with Spanish-speaking audiences. In 1943, she returned to Mexico and starred in the movies La Zandunga (1938), and an adaptation of Émile Zola‘s Nana (1944), which was well received. Subsequently, she returned to Holly

    Emotionally generous, passionate, and high-spirited, Vélez had a number of highly publicized affairs, including a particularly emotionally draining one with Gary Cooper, before marrying Olympic athlete Johnny Weissmuller (of Tarzan fame) in 1933, and later, in 1938, Mexican actor Arturo de Córdova. About her romance with Cooper Marlene Dietrich said “Gary was totally under the control of Lupe”.[2]. The marriage with Weissmuller lasted five years; they repeatedly split and finally divorced in 1938.

    In the mid-1940s, she had a relationship with the young actor Harald Maresch, and became pregnant with his child. Vélez, following her Catholic upbringing, refused to have an abortion. Unable to face the shame of giving birth to an illegitimate child, she decided to take her own life. Her suicide note read, “To Harald: May God forgive you and forgive me, too; but I prefer to take my life away and our baby’s, before I bring him with shame, or killing him. Lupe.” She retired to bed after taking an overdose of sleeping pills.[3] According to newspaper accounts, her body was found by her secretary and companion of ten years, Beulah Kinder.Andy Warhol‘s underground film, Lupe (1965), starring Edie Sedgwick as Lupe, is loosely based on this fateful night, suggesting that she was found with her head in the toilet due to nausea caused by the overdose. Another report says she tripped and fell head-first into the toilet, knocking herself unconscious and drowning. However, Kinder reports finding Vélez having died peacefully in her bed.In a poll of Mexican filmgoers, actresses like Marquita Rivera and Amalia Aguilar were chosen to star in a Hollywood film based on the life of the actress. However, due to the controversy over Vélez’s suicide at that time, the film was never produced.There is skepticism surrounding whether it was simply the shame of bearing an illegitimate child that led Vélez to end her life. Throughout her life she showed signs of extreme emotion, mania and depression. Consequently, it has been suggested that Vélez suffered from bipolar disorder, which, left untreated, ultimately led to her suicide. Rosa Linda Fregoso writes that Vélez was known for her defiance of contemporary moral convention, and it seems unlikely that she could not have reconciled an “illegitimate child.”[4]Lupe Vélez was encrypted at the Rotonda de las Personas Ilustres in México City.

    • In the first episode of the sitcom Frasier, “The Good Son“, Frasier Crane‘s producer Roz Doyle tries to improve Frasier’s outlook on his life by telling him the story of Lupe Vélez, “last seen with her head in the toilet”. Apparently according to Roz, the pills she had taken did not mix well with “the enchilada combo plate she sadly chose as her last meal.” When Frasier asks how her story is supposed to make him feel better, Roz responds that sometimes things don’t go the way we want them to, but can work out in the end, anyway. She adds, “All she wanted was to be remembered. Will you ever forget that story?”.[5]
    • She was mentioned The Simpsons episode titled “Homer’s Phobia“. Guest star John Waters, gave the Simpson family, sans Homer, a driving tour of Springfield‘s shopping district, where he pointed out the store where reportedly Vélez bought the toilet she drowned in.
    • In 2009 Mexican film director Martin Caballero made the short film Forever Lupe with Mexican actress Marieli Romo as Lupe Vélez.
    • She is mentioned in the Michael Chabon novel The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay.

    Year Film Role Notes
    1927 What Women Did for Me uncredited short subject
    Sailors, Beware! Baroness Behr (uncredited) Laurel and Hardy silent short
    The Gaucho The Mountain Girl Douglas Fairbanks adventure.
    1928 Stand and Deliver Jania
    1929 Hollywood Snapshots #11 Herself short subject
    Lady of the Pavements Nanon del Rayon aka Lady of the Night (UK)
    The Wolf Song Lola Salazar
    Where East Is East Toyo Haynes With Lon Chaney
    Tiger Rose Rose
    1930 Hell Harbor Anita Morgan
    The Storm Manette Fachard
    East Is West Ming Toy Spanish language version was
    filmed, also starring Vélez
    1931 Resurrection Katusha Maslova
    Resurrección Katyusha Maslova
    The Squaw Man Naturich
    The Cuban Love Song Nenita Lopez
    1932 The Voice of Hollywood No. 13 Herself short subject
    Men in Her Life Julia Clark Spanish language version of 1931 film
    The Broken Wing Lolita
    Kongo Tula
    The Half Naked Truth Teresita
    1933 Hot Pepper Pepper
    Mr. Broadway Herself documentary
    1934 Palooka Nina Madero aka Joe Palooka
    Strictly Dynamite Vera Mendez
    Laughing Boy Slim Girl
    Hollywood Party The Jaguar Woman
    Jane in Schnarzan sequence
    Laurel and Hardy have a cameo appearance
    1935 The Morals of Marcus Carlotta
    1936 Gypsy Melody Mila
    1937 High Flyers Maria Juanita Rosita Anita Moreno del Valle
    Stardust Carla de Huelva aka He Loved an Actress (USA)
    La Zandunga Lupe First Spanish-speaking movie in México
    1939 The Girl from Mexico Carmelita Fuentes
    1940 Mexican Spitfire Carmelita Lindsay
    Mexican Spitfire Out West Carmelita Lindsay
    1941 Recordar es vivir short subject
    Six Lessons from Madame La Zonga Madame La Zonga
    Mexican Spitfire’s Baby Carmelita Lindsay
    Honolulu Lu Consuelo Cordoba
    Playmates Carmen del Toro
    1942 Mexican Spitfire at Sea Carmelita Lindsay
    Mexican Spitfire Sees a Ghost Carmelita Lindsay
    Mexican Spitfire’s Elephant Carmelita Lindsay
    1943 Ladies’ Day Pepita Zorita
    Redhead from Manhattan Rita Manners/Elaine Manners

    exican Spitfire’s Blessed Event

    Carmelita Lindsay
    1944 Nana Nana

  • ^ Ramírez, Gabriel 1986
  • ^ Dietrich, Marlene (1989). Marlene. Grove Press. ISBN 0-802-11117-3. 
  • ^ “Biography for Lupe Velez”. Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/participant.jsp?spid=197936&apid=102616. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  • ^ Fregoso, Rosa Linda. (2007) Lupe Velez: Queen of the B’s. In Myra Mendible (ed.) From Bananas to Buttocks: The Latina Body in Popular Film and Culture. Austin University of Texas Press.
  • ^ The Frasier Files: Transcripts – 1.1 The Good Son
    • Ramírez, Gabriel (1986). Lupe Vélez: La Mexicana que escupía fuego. Cineteca Nacional. 
    • Corona, Moises (1996). Lupe Velez, a medio siglo de ausencia. EDAMEX. ISBN 968-409-872-3. 
    • Agrasánchez Jr., Rogelio (2001). Bellezas del cine mexicano/Beauties of Mexican Cinema.. Archivo Fílmico Agrasánchez. ISBN 968-5077-11-8. 

    Sonja Henie

    Bundesarchiv Bild 102-11013A, Sonja Henie.jpg

    Personal information
    Full name: Sonja Henie
    Country represented:


    Date of birth: April 8, 1912(1912-04-08)
    Place of birth: Oslo, Norway
    Date of death: October 12, 1969 (aged 57)
    Place of death: aboard a flight to Oslo, Norway
    Height: 5 ft 3 in (1.60 m)
    Former partner: Jack Dunn
    Stewart Reburn
    Former coach: Howard Nicholson
    Olympic medal record
    Ladies’ figure skating
    Gold 1928 St. Moritz Singles
    Gold 1932 Lake Placid Singles
    Gold 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Singles

    Sonja Henie (April 8, 1912 – October 12, 1969) was a Norwegian figure skater and American actress. She was a three-time Olympic Champion (1928, 1932, 1936), a ten-time World Champion (1927–1936) and a six-time European Champion (1931–1936). Henie won more Olympic and World titles than any other ladies figure skater. At the height of her acting career she was one of the highest paid stars in Hollywood. [1]


    Sonja Henie was born in Kristiania, current Oslo, the only daughter of Wilhelm Henie, a prosperous Norwegian furrier and his wife Selma Lochmann-Nielsen (1888–1961). In addition to the income from the fur business, both of Henie’s parents had inherited wealth. Wilhelm Henie had been a one-time World Cycling Champion and the Henie children were encouraged to take up a variety of sports at a young age. Henie initially showed talent at skiing, and then followed her older brother Leif to take up figure skating. As a girl, Henie was also a nationally ranked tennis player and a skilled swimmer and equestrienne. Once Henie began serious training as a figure skater, her formal schooling ended. She was educated by tutors, and her father hired the best experts in the world, including the famous Russian ballerina Tamara Karsavina, to transform his daughter into a sporting celebrity. [2]

    Henie won her first major competition, the senior Norwegian championships, at the age of 9. She then placed eighth in a field of eight at the 1924 Winter Olympics, at the age of eleven. During the 1924 program, she skated over to the side of the rink several times to ask her coach for directions. But by the next Olympiad, she needed no such assistance. Henie won the first of an unprecedented ten World Figure Skating Championships in 1927 at the age of fourteen, and her first Olympic gold medal the following year. She also won six consecutive European championships. Towards the end of her career, she began to be strongly challenged by younger skaters including Cecilia Colledge, Megan Taylor, and Hedy Stenuf. However, she held off these competitors and went on to win her third Olympic title at the 1936 Winter Olympics, albeit in very controversial circumstances with Cecilia Colledge finishing a very close second. Indeed, after the school figures section at the 1936 Olympic competition, Colledge and Henie were virtually neck and neck with Colledge trailing by just a few points. As Sandra Stevenson recounted in her article in The Independent of the 21st April 2008, “the closeness [of the competition] infuriated Henie, who, when the result for that section was posted on a wall in the competitors’ lounge, swiped the piece of paper and tore it into little pieces. The draw for the free skating [then] came under suspicion after Henie landed the plum position of skating last, while Colledge had to perform second of the 26 competitors. The early start was seen as a disadvantage, with the audience not yet whipped into a clapping frenzy and the judges known to become freer with their higher marks as the event proceeded. Years later, a fairer, staggered draw was adopted to counteract this situation”.During her competitive career, Henie traveled widely and worked with a variety of foreign coaches. At home in Oslo, she trained at Frogner Stadium, where her coaches included Hjordis Olsen and Oscar Holte. During the latter part of her competitive career she was coached primarily by the American Howard Nicholson in London. In addition to traveling to train and compete, she was much in demand as a performer at figure skating exhibitions in both Europe and North America. Henie became so popular with the public that police had to be called out for crowd control on her appearances in various disparate cities such as Prague and New York City. It was an open secret that, in spite of the strict amateurism requirements of the time, Wilhelm Henie demanded “expense money” for his daughter’s skating appearances. Both of Henie’s parents had given up their own pursuits in Norway—leaving Leif to run the fur business—in order to accompany Sonja on her travels and act as her managers.Henie is credited with being the first figure skater to adopt the short skirt costume in figure skating, wear white boots, and make use of dance choreography. Her innovative skating techniques and glamorous demeanor tr
    sformed the sport permanently and confirmed its acceptance as a legitimate sport in the Winter Olympics.[3]

    Sonja Henie appeared on the cover of Time magazine in July 1939.After the 1936 World Figure Skating Championships, Henie gave up her amateur status and took up a career as a professional performer in acting and live shows. While still a girl, Henie had decided that she wanted to move to Hollywood and become a movie star when her competitive days were over, without considering that her thick accent might hinder her acting ambitions.In 1936, following a successful ice show in Los Angeles orchestrated by her father to launch her film career, Hollywood studio chief Darryl Zanuck signed her to a long term contract at Twentieth Century Fox which made her one of the highest-paid actresses of the time. After the success of her first film, One in a Million, Henie’s position was assured and she became increasingly demanding in her business dealings with Zanuck. Henie also insisted on having total control of the skating numbers in her films.In addition to her film career at Fox, Henie formed a business arrangement with Arthur Wirtz, who produced her touring ice shows under the name of “Hollywood Ice Revue”. Wirtz also acted as Henie’s financial advisor. At the time, figure skating and ice shows were not yet an established form of entertainment in the United States. Henie’s popularity as a film actress attracted many new fans and instituted skating shows as a popular new entertainment. Throughout the 1940s, Henie and Wirtz produced lavish musical ice skating extravaganzas at Rockefeller Center‘s Center Theatre attracting millions of ticket buyers.At the height of her fame, her shows and touring activities brought Henie as much as $2 million per year. She also had numerous lucrative endorsement contracts, and deals to market skates, clothing, jewelry, dolls, and other merchandise branded with her name. These activities made her one of the wealthiest women in the world in her time.Henie broke off her arrangement with Wirtz in 1950 and for the next three seasons produced her own tours under the name “Sonja Henie Ice Revue”. It was an ill-advised decision to set herself up in competition with Wirtz, whose shows now featured the new Olympic champion Barbara Ann Scott. Since Wirtz controlled the best arenas and dates, Henie was left playing smaller venues and markets already saturated by other touring ice shows such as Ice Capades. The collapse of a section of bleachers during a show in Baltimore, Maryland in 1952 compounded the tour’s legal and financial woes.In 1953 Henie formed a new partnership with Morris Chalfen to appear in his European Holiday On Ice tour. This was a great success. She produced her own show at New York’s Roxy Theatre in January 1956.[4] However, a subsequent South American tour in 1956 was a disaster. Henie was drinking heavily at that time and could no longer keep up with the demands of touring, and this marked her retirement from skating.In 1938, she published her autobiography Mitt livs eventyr which has translated and released as Wings on My Feet in 1940, which was republished in a revised edition in 1954. At the time of her death, Henie was planning a comeback for a television special that would have aired in January 1970.[5]

    Henie’s connections with Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi officials made her the subject of controversy before, during, and after World War II. During her amateur skating career, she performed often in Germany and was a favorite of German audiences as well as of Hitler personally. As a wealthy celebrity, she moved in the same social circles as royalty and heads of state and made Hitler’s acquaintance as a matter of course.Controversy appeared first when Henie greeted Hitler with a Nazi salute during an exhibition in Berlin some time prior to the 1936 Winter Olympics; she was strongly denounced by the Norwegian press. She did not repeat the salute at the Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, but after the Games she accepted an invitation to lunch with Hitler at his resort home in nearby Berchtesgaden, where Hitler presented Henie with an autographed photo with a lengthy inscription. After beginning her film career, Henie kept up her Nazi connections, for example personally arranging with Joseph Goebbels for the release of her first film, One in a Million, in Germany.During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, German troops saw Hitler’s autographed photo prominently displayed in the Henie family home. As a result, none of Henie’s properties in Norway were confiscated or damaged by the Germans. Henie became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1941. Like many Hollywood stars, she supported the U.S. war effort through USO and similar activities, but she was careful to avoid supporting the Norwegian resistance movement, or making public statements against the Nazis. For this, she was condemned by many Norwegians and Norwegian-Americans. After the war, Henie was mindful that many of her countrymen considered her to be a Quisling. However, she made a triumphant return to Norway with the Holiday on Ice tour in 1953 and 1955.

    Sonja Henie with her private art collection in Los Angeles, 1964Henie was married three times, to Dan Topping, Winthrop Gardiner Jr.(1912–1980),[6] and the wealthy Norwegian shipping magnate and art patron, Niels Onstad (1909–1978). After her retirement in 1956, Henie and Onstad settled in Oslo and accumulated a large collection of modern art that formed the basis for the Henie-Onstad Art Centre at Høvikodden in Bærum near Oslo.In addition to her marriages, Henie had a variety love interests, including her skating partners Jack Dunn and Stewart Reburn, celebrated boxing legend Joe Louis, a much-publicized affair with Tyrone Power, and a later romance with actor Van Johnson. According to the biography Queen of Ice, Queen of Shadows, written by her brother Leif with Raymond Strait after her death, Henie was obsessed with money and sex, had a vile temper when crossed, and used her family and others shamelessly to advance her own ends.She was diagnosed with leukemia in the mid-1960s. She died at age 57 in 1969 during a flight from Paris to Oslo.[7] Considered by many as one of the greatest figure skaters in history, she is buried with her husband in Oslo on the hilltop overlooking the Henie-Onstad Art Centre.

    Event 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936
    Winter Olympics 8th 1st 1st 1st
    World Championships 5th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
    European Championships 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
    Norwegian Championships 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st

    Statue of Henie in Oslo

    • Inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame (1976).
    • Inducted into the International Women’s Sports Hall of Fame (1982).
    • She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
    • In 1938, at age 25, she became the youngest person made a knight first class of The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav.

    Year Title Role
    1927 Seven Days for Elizabeth Skater
    1929 Se Norge Herself
    1936 One in a Million Greta “Gretchen” Muller
    1937 Thin Ice Lili Heiser
    Ali Baba Goes to Town Herself (Cameo)
    1938 Happy Landing Trudy Ericksen
    My Lucky Star Krista Nielsen
    1939 Second Fiddle Trudi Hovland
    Everything Happens at Night Louise
    1941 Sun Valley Serenade Karen Benson
    1942 Iceland Katina Jonsdottir
    1943 Wintertime Nora
    1945 It’s a Pleasure Chris Linden
    1948 The Countess of Monte Cristo Karen Kirsten
    1958 Hello London Herself

  • ^ Sonja Henie (Store norske leksikon)
  • ^ Sonja Henie/utdypning (Store norske leksikon)
  • ^ 100 Greatest Female Athletes (Sports Illustrated)
  • ^ Bosley Crowther, “Screen: ‘The Lieutenant Wore Skirts”. New York Times, January 12, 1956.
  • ^ Sonja Henie by Reidar Børjeson (The Henie Onstad Art Centre)
  • ^ Obituary: “Winthrop Gardiner, Jr.” New York Times. October 18, 1980.
  • ^ Obituary: “Sonja Henie” New York Times. October 13, 1969.
    • Andersen, Alf G. Som i en drøm: Sonja Henies liv. Schibsted (1985) ISBN 8251610419
    • Kirby, Michael and Scott Hamilton Figure Skating to Fancy Skating-Memoirs of the Life of Sonja Henie (Pentland Press 2000) ISBN 157197220X

    Ginger Rogers

    Ginger Rogers

    in Stage Door (1937) Born Virginia Katherine McMath
    July 16, 1911(1911-07-16)
    Independence, Missouri, U.S. Died April 25, 1995 (aged 83)
    Rancho Mirage, California, U.S. Occupation Actress, singer, dancer, artist Years active 1929–1994 Spouse Jack Pepper (1929–1931)
    Lew Ayres (1934–1941)
    Jack Briggs (1943–1949)
    Jacques Bergerac (1953–1957)
    William Marshall (1961–1969)

    Ginger Rogers (July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an American actress, dancer, and singer who appeared in film, and on stage, radio, and television throughout much of the 20th century.During her long career, she made a total of 73 films, and is noted for her role as Fred Astaire‘s romantic interest and dancing partner, in a series of ten Hollywood musical films that revolutionized the genre. She also achieved great success in a variety of film roles, and won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Kitty Foyle (1940). She ranks #14 on the AFI’s 100 Years…100 Stars list, of actress screen legends.


    Rogers was born Virginia Katherine McMath in Independence, Missouri, the daughter of William Eddins McMath, an electrical engineer, and his wife Lela Emogene Owens (1891–1977).[1] Ginger’s parents separated soon after her birth, and she and her mother went to live with her grandparents, Walter and Saphrona (née Ball) Owens, in nearby Kansas City. Rogers’ parents fought over her custody, with her father even kidnapping her twice. After the parents divorced, Rogers stayed with her grandparents while her mother wrote scripts for two years in Hollywood.Rogers was to remain close to her grandfather (much later, when she was a star in 1939, she bought him a home at 5115 Greenbush Avenue in Sherman Oaks, California so that he could be close to her while she was filming at the studios).One of Rogers’ young cousins, Helen, had a hard time pronouncing her first name, shortening it to “Ginga”; the nickname stuck.When Rogers was nine years old, her mother married John Logan Rogers. Ginger took the name of Rogers, though she was never legally adopted. They lived in Fort Worth, Texas. Her mother became a theater critic for a local newspaper, the Fort Worth Record. Ginger attended but did not graduate from Fort Worth’s Central High School.As a teenager, Rogers thought of becoming a schoolteacher, but with her mother’s interest in Hollywood and the theater, her early exposure to the theater increased. Waiting for her mother in the wings of the Majestic Theatre, she began to sing and dance along with the performers on stage.

    Rogers’ entertainment career was born one night when the traveling vaudeville act of Eddie Foy came to Fort Worth and needed a quick stand-in. She then entered and won a Charleston dance contest which allowed her to tour for six months, at one point in 1926 performing at an 18-month old theater called The Craterian in Medford, Oregon. This theater honored her many years later by changing its name to the Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater.[2]At 17, Rogers married Jack Culpepper, a singer/dancer/comedian/recording artist of the day who worked under the name Jack Pepper (according to Ginger’s autobiography, she knew Culpepper when she was a child, as her cousin’s boyfriend). They formed a short-lived vaudeville double act known as “Ginger and Pepper”. The marriage was over within months, and she went back to touring with her mother. When the tour got to New York City, she stayed, getting radio singing jobs and then her Broadway theater debut in a musical called Top Speed, which opened on Christmas Day, 1929.Within two weeks of opening in Top Speed, Rogers was chosen to star on Broadway in Girl Crazy by George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin, the musical play widely considered to have made stars of both Ginger and Ethel Merman. Fred Astaire was hired to help the dancers with their choreography. Her appearance in Girl Crazy made her an overnight star at the age of 19. In 1930, she was signed by Paramount Pictures to a seven-year contract.

    Rogers’ first movie roles were in a trio of short films made in 1929—Night in the Dormitory, A Day of a Man of Affairs, and Campus Sweethearts.Rogers would soon get herself out of the Paramount contract—under which she had made five feature films at Astoria Studios in Astoria, Queens—and move with her mother to Hollywood. When she got to California, she signed a three-picture deal with Pathé. She made feature films for Warner Bros., Monogram, and Fox in 1932 and was named one of fifteen “WAMPAS Baby Stars“. She then made a significant breakthrough as “Anytime Annie” in the Warner Brothers film 42nd Street (1933). She went on to make a series of films with Fox, Warner Bros. (“Gold Diggers of 1933”), Universal, Paramount, and RKO Radio Pictures and, in her second RKO picture, Flying Down to Rio (1933), she worked for the first time with Fred Ast

    The announcement of the Astaire-Rogers screen partnership – from the trailer to Flying Down to RioRogers was most famous for her partnership with Fred Astaire. Together, from 1933 to 1939, they made nine musical films at RKO: Flying Down to Rio (1933), The Gay Divorcee (1934), Roberta (1935), Top Hat (1935), Follow the Fleet (1936), Swing Time (1936), Shall We Dance (1937), Carefree (1938), and The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle (1939) (The Barkleys of Broadway (1949) was produced later at MGM). They revolutionized the Hollywood musical, introducing dance routines of unprecedented elegance and virtuosity, set to songs specially composed for them by the greatest popular song composers of the day.Arlene Croce, Hannah Hyam and John Mueller all consider Rogers to have been Astaire’s finest dance partner, principally due to her ability to combine dancing skills, natural beauty and exceptional abilities as a dramatic actress and comedienne, thus truly complementing Astaire: a peerless dancer who sometimes struggled as an actor and was not considered classically handsome. The resulting song and dance partnership enjoyed a unique credibility in the eyes of audiences. Of the 33 partnered dances she performed with Astaire, Croce and Mueller have highlighted the infectious spontaneity of her performances in the comic numbers “I’ll Be Hard to Handle” from Roberta (1935), “I’m Putting all My Eggs in One Basket” from Follow the Fleet (1936) and “Pick Yourself Up” from Swing Time (1936). They also point to the use Astaire made of her remarkably flexible back in classic romantic dances such as “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes” from Roberta (1935), “Cheek to Cheek” from Top Hat (1935) and “Let’s Face the Music and Dance” from Follow the Fleet (1936). For special praise, they have singled out her performance in the “Waltz in Swing Time” from Swing Time (1936), which is generally considered to be the most virtuosic partnered routine ever committed to film by Astaire. She generally avoided solo dance performances: Astaire always included at least one virtuoso solo routine in each film, while Rogers performed only one: “Let Yourself Go” from Follow the Fleet (1936).

    Ginger with Fred Astaire in the film Roberta (1935).Although the dance routines were choreographed by Astaire and his collaborator Hermes Pan, both have acknowledged Rogers’ input and have also testified to her consummate professionalism, even during periods of intense strain, as she tried to juggle her many other contractual film commitments with the punishing rehearsal schedules of Astaire, who made at most two films in any one year. In 1986, shortly before his death, Astaire remarked, “All the girls I ever danced with thought they couldn’t do it, but of course they could. So they always cried. All except Ginger. No no, Ginger never cried”. John Mueller summed up Rogers’ abilities as follows: “Rogers was outstanding among Astaire’s partners not because she was superior to others as a dancer but because, as a skilled, intuitive actress, she was cagey enough to realize that acting did not stop when dancing began…the reason so many women have fantasized about dancing with Fred Astaire is that Ginger Rogers conveyed the impression that dancing with him is the most thrilling experience imaginable”. According to Astaire, when they were first teamed together in “Flying Down to Rio”, “Ginger had never danced with a partner before. She faked it an awful lot. She couldn’t tap and she couldn’t do this and that … but Ginger had style and talent and improved as she went along. She got so that after a while everyone else who danced with me looked wrong.” Astaire also had this to say to Raymond Rohauer, curator at the New York Gallery of Modern Art, “Ginger was brilliantly effective. She made everything work for her. Actually she made things very fine for both of us and she deserves most of the credit for our success.”Rogers also introduced some celebrated numbers from the Great American Songbook, songs such as Harry Warren and Al Dubin‘s “The Gold Diggers’ Song (We’re in the Money)” from Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933), “Music Makes Me” from Flying Down to Rio (1933), “The Continental” from The Gay Divorcee (1934), Irving Berlin‘s “Let Yourself Go” from Follow the Fleet (1936) and the Gershwins’ “Embraceable You” from Girl Crazy and “They All Laughed (at Christopher Columbus)” from Shall We Dance (1937). Furthermore, in song duets with Astaire, she co-introduced Berlin’s “I’m Putting all My Eggs in One Basket” from Follow the Fleet (1936), Jerome Kern and Dorothy Fields‘s “Pick Yourself Up” and “A Fine Romance” from Swing Time (1936) and the Gershwins’ “Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off” from Shall We Dance (1937).

    Ginger Rogers’ feet and hand prints at Grauman’s Chinese TheatreAfter 15 months apart and with RKO facing bankruptcy, the studio hired Fred and Ginger for another movie called Carefree, but it lost money. Next came The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle, but the serious plot and tragic ending resulted in the worst box office receipts of any of their films. This was driven, not by diminished popularity, but by the hard 1930s economic reality. The production costs of musicals, always significantly more costly than regular features, continued to increase at a much faster rate than admissions. Everyone agreed it was time to stop.Both before and immediately after her great dancing and acting partnership with Fred Astaire ended, Rogers, now on her own and one of the highest paid actresses in Hollywood, starred in more than a few very successful dramas and comedies. Stage Door (1937) demonstrated her skillful dramatic capacity, as the loquacious yet vulnerable girl next door, a tough minded, theatrical hopeful, opposite Katharine Hepburn. In Roxie Hart (1942), which served as the template for the 2002 production of Chicago, Ginger played a wise-cracking wife on trial for a murder her husband committed. In the neo-realist Primrose Path (1940), directed by Gregory La Cava, she played a prostitute’s daughter trying to avoid the fate of her mother. Further highlights of this period included Tom, Dick, and Harry, a pleasing 1941 comedy where she dreams of marrying three different men; I’ll Be Seeing You, an intelligent and restrained war time “weepie” with Joseph Cotten; La Cava’s 5th Avenue Girl (1939), where she played an out-of-work girl sucked into the lives of a wealthy family; and especially the sharp and highly successful comedies: Bachelor Mother (1939), where she played Polly Parrish, a shop girl who is falsely deemed to have abandoned her baby; and Billy Wilder’s first Hollywood feature film: The Major and the Minor (1942), where she played herself as a 12-year-old, at her own real age, and pretended to be her own mother. Her greatest skills were as a comedienne, and, as a master of the deadpan and the sidelong glance, she became well established as one of the major actresses of the screwball comedy era.In 1941, Ginger Rogers won the Academy Award for Best Actress for h

    er starring role in 1940’s Kitty Foyle. She enjoyed considerable success during the early 1940s, and was RKO’s hottest property during this period. Becoming a free agent, she made hugely successful films with other studios in the mid-’40s, including “Tender Comrade” (1943), “Lady in the Dark” (1944), and “Week-End at the Waldorf” (1945), and became the highest-paid performer in Hollywood. However, by the end of the decade, her film career had peaked. Arthur Freed reunited her with Fred Astaire in The Barkleys of Broadway in 1949, a delightful Technicolor MGM musical which succeeded in rekindling the special chemistry between them one last time.Ginger Rogers’ film career entered a period of gradual decline in the 1950s, as parts for older actresses became more difficult to obtain, but she still scored with some solid films. She starred in Storm Warning (1950), with Ronald Reagan and Doris Day, the noir, anti Ku Klux Klan film by Warner Brothers, and in Monkey Business (1952), with Cary Grant and Marilyn Monroe, directed by Howard Hawks. In the same year, she also starred in We’re Not Married!, also featuring Marilyn Monroe, and in Dreamboat. She played the female lead in Tight Spot (1955), a mystery thriller, with Edward G. Robinson. Then, after a series of unremarkable films, she scored with a great popular success, playing Dolly Levi in the long running Hello, Dolly! on Broadway in 1965.In later life, Rogers remained on good terms with Astaire: she presented him with a special Academy Award in 1950, and they were co-presenters of individual Academy Awards in 1967, during which they elicited a standing ovation when they came on stage in an impromptu dance. In 1969, she had the lead role in another long running popular production of Mame, from the book by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee, with music and lyrics by Jerry Herman, at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in the West End of London, arriving for the role on the Liner QE2 from New York. Her docking there occasioned the maximum of pomp and ceremony at Southampton. She became the highest paid performer in the history of the West End up to that time. The production ran for 14 months and featured a Royal Command Performance for Queen Elizabeth the Second. The Kennedy Center honored Ginger Rogers in December 1992. This event, which was shown on television, was somewhat marred when Astaire’s widow, Robyn Smith, who permitted clips of Astaire dancing with Rogers to be shown for free at the function itself, was unable to come to terms with CBS Television for broadcast rights to the clips (all previous rights holders having donated broadcast rights gratis).[3]From the 1950s onwards, Rogers would make occasional appearances on television. In the later years of her career, she made guest appearances in three different series by Aaron Spelling; The Love Boat (1979), Glitter (1984), and Hotel (1987) which would be her final screen appearance as an actress.

    Rogers was an only child, and maintained a close relationship with her mother throughout her life. Lela Rogers (1891–1977), was a newspaper reporter, scriptwriter, and movie producer. She was also one of the first women to enlist in the Marine Corps, founded the successful “Hollywood Playhouse”, for aspiring actors and actresses on the RKO set, and was a founder of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals. Mother and daughter had an extremely close professional relationship as well. Lela Rogers was credited with many pivotal contributions to her daughter’s early successes in New York and in Hollywood, not to mention contract negotiations with R.K.O.In her classic 1930s musicals with Astaire, Ginger Rogers, co-billed with him, was rightly paid less than Fred, the creative force behind the dances, who also received 10% of the profits. But she was also paid less than many of the supporting “farceurs”, billed beneath her. This, in spite of her pivotal role in the films great financial success. This was personally grating to her, and had effects upon her relationships at RKO, especially with director Mark Sandrich, whose disrespect of Rogers prompted a sharp letter of reprimand from producer Pandro Berman, which Rogers deemed important enough to publish in her autobiography. Like many actresses of the time, Ginger Rogers fought hard for her contract and salary rights, and for better films and scripts. She also found it necessary to fight for respect and dignity as an actress, and against the type casting as just the studio’s “dancing girl”. She eventually succeeded in all these endeavors.Rogers’ first marriage was to her dancing partner Jack Pepper (real name Edward Jackson Culpepper) on March 29, 1929. They divorced in 1931, having separated soon after the wedding. She married again in 1934 to actor Lew Ayres (1908–1996). At a time when Rogers’ career was skyrocketing and Ayres’ career was faltering, they separated, and were amicably divorced seven years later. To add to Rogers’ woes in 1934, Rogers sued Sylvia of Hollywood for a $100K defamation suit. Sylvia, Hollywood’s fitness guru and radio personality, had claimed that Rogers was on Sylvia’s radio show when, in fact, she was not.[4]In 1940, Rogers purchased a 1000-acre (4 km²) ranch in Jackson County, Oregon between the cities of Shady Cove and Eagle Point. The ranch, located along the Rogue River, supplied dairy products to nearby Camp White, a cantonment established for the duration of World War II. While not performing or working on other projects, she would live at the ranch with her mother.In 1943, Rogers married her third husband, Jack Briggs, a Marine. Upon his return from World War II, Briggs showed no interest in continuing his incipient Hollywood career. They divorced in 1949. She married once again in 1953, a Frenchman, Jacques Bergerac, 16 years her junior, whom she met on a trip to Paris. A lawyer in France, he came to Hollywood with her and became an actor. They divorced in 1957. Her fifth and final husband was director and producer William Marshall. They married in 1961, and divorced in 1971, after his bouts with alcohol, and the financial collapse of their joint film production company in Jamaica.Rogers was good friends with Lucille Ball — a distant cousin on Rogers’ mother’s side — for many years until Ball’s death in 1989, at the age of 77. Another friend, Bette Davis, had in common with Rogers a close maternal relationship. As early Hollywood feminists, all three shared a common interest in directing and producing. In fact, Ginger Rogers starred in one of the earliest films co-directed and co-scripted by a woman: Wanda Tuchock’s Finishing School in 1934. In 1985, Rogers fulfilled a long-standing wish to direct by directing the musical Babes in Arms off-Broadway in Tarrytown, New York, when she was 74 years old. She appeared with Lucille Ball in an episode of Here’s Lucy on November 22, 1971, where, with Lucie Arnaz, Rogers gave a demonstration of the Charleston in her famous “high heels”.Rogers maintained a close friendship with her cousin, actress/writer/socialite Phyllis Fraser (whom she aided in a brief acting career), but was not Rita Hayworth‘s natural cousin as has been reported. Hayworth’s maternal uncle, Vinton Hayworth, was married to Rogers’ maternal aunt, Jean Owens.In 1977, Rogers’ mother died. Rogers remained at the 4-Rs (Rogers’s Rogue River Ranch) until 1990, when she sold the property and moved to nearby Medford, Oregon. Her last public appearance was on March 18, 1995 when she received the Women’s International Center (WIC) Living Legacy Award.[5]For many years, Rogers regularly supported, and held in-person presentations, at the Craterian Theater, in Medford, Oregon, where she had perfo

    rmed in 1926 as a vaudevillian. The theater was comprehensively restored in 1997, and posthumously renamed in her honor, as the Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater.Rogers would spend winters in Rancho Mirage and summers in Medford. She died in Rancho Mirage on April 25, 1995 of congestive heart failure at the age of 83. She was cremated; her ashes are interred in the Oakwood Memorial Park Cemetery in Chatsworth, California, with Lela’s, and just a short distance from the grave of Fred Astaire.She was a lifelong member of the Republican Party[6].

    No films have been made about Ginger Rogers, most likely because Fred Astaire stipulated in his will that no film representations of him were to ever be made. As Rogers’ career history is inevitably linked to Astaire, it is unlikely an accurate portrayal could easily be made of her on film.

    • No portrayal was made of her in The Aviator (2004), in spite of the fact that many of her fellow actresses who, like her, dated Howard Hughes, were portrayed. According to Rogers’ autobiography Ginger: My Story, published in 1991, Hughes was very intent on marrying her, and had proposed to her, until she discovered his infidelity and broke off the engagement.
    • Likenesses of Astaire and Rogers, apparently painted over from the Cheek to Cheek dance in Top Hat, are in the Lucy in the Skies section of The Beatles film Yellow Submarine (1968).
    • Rogers’ image is one of many famous woman’s images, of the 1930s and 1940s, to feature on the bedroom wall in the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, a gallery of magazine cuttings, pasted on to the wall and created by Anne and her sister Margot while hiding from the Nazis. When the house became a museum, the gallery the Frank sisters created was preserved under glass. Rogers’ image is one of the larger and more prominent, which clearly indicates her global and mass appeal amongst the young of the time.
    • A musical about the life of Rogers, entitled Backwards in High Heels, premiered in Florida in early 2007.[7][8]
    • Rogers was the heroine of a novel, Ginger Rogers and the Riddle of the Scarlet Cloak (1942, by Lela E. Rogers), where “the heroine has the same name and appearance as the famous actress but has no connection … it is as though the famous actress has stepped into an alternate reality in which she is an ordinary person.” The story was probably written for a young teenage audience and is reminiscent of the adventures of Nancy Drew. It is part of a series known as “Whitman Authorized Editions”, 16 books published between 1941-1947 that featured a film actress as heroine.[9]

    • Young Man of Manhattan (1930)
    • The Sap from Syracuse (1930)
    • Queen High (1930)
    • Follow the Leader (1930)
    • Honor Among Lovers (1931)
    • The Tip-Off (1931)
    • Suicide Fleet (1931)
    • Carnival Boat (1932)
    • The Tenderfoot (1932)
    • The Thirteenth Guest (1932)
    • Hat Check Girl (1932)
    • You Said a Mouthful (1932)
    • Broadway Bad (1933)
    • 42nd Street (1933)
    • Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933)
    • Professional Sweetheart (1933)
    • Don’t Bet on Love (1933)
    • A Shriek in the Night (1933)
    • Rafter Romance (1933)
    • Chance at Heaven (1933)
    • Sitting Pretty (1933)
    • Flying Down to Rio (1933) (*)
    • Twenty Million Sweethearts (1934)
    • Upperworld (1934)
    • Finishing School (1934)
    • Change of Heart (1934)
    • The Gay Divorcee (1934) (*)
    • Romance in Manhattan (1935)
    • Roberta (1935) (*)
    • Star of Midnight (1935)
    • Top Hat (1935) (*)
    • In Person (1935)
    • Follow the Fleet (1936) (*)
    • Swing Time (1936) (*)
    • Shall We Dance (1937) (*)
    • Stage Door (1937)
    • Vivacious Lady (1938)
    • Having Wonderful Time (1938)
    • Carefree (1938) (*)
    • The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle (1939) (*)
    • Bachelor Mother (1939)
    • 5th Ave Girl (1939)
    • Primrose Path (1940)
    • Lucky Partners (1940)
    • Kitty Foyle (1940)
    • Tom, Dick and Harry (1941)
    • Roxie Hart (1942)
    • Tales of Manhattan (1942)
    • The Major and the Minor (1942)
    • Once Upon a Honeymoon (1942)
    • Tender Comrade (1943)
    • Lady in the Dark (1944)
    • I’ll Be Seeing You (1944)
    • Week-End at the Waldorf (1945)
    • Heartbeat (1946)
    • Magnificent Doll (1947)
    • It Had to Be You (1947)
    • The Barkleys of Broadway (1949) (*)
    • Perfect Stranger (1950)
    • Storm Warning (1951)
    • The Groom Wore Spurs (1951)
    • We’re Not Married! (1952)
    • Dreamboat (1952)
    • Monkey Business (1952)
    • Forever Female (1953)
    • Twist of Fate (1954)
    • Black Widow (1954)
    • Tight Spot (1955)
    • The First Traveling Saleslady (1956)
    • Teenage Rebel (1956)
    • Oh, Men! Oh, Women! (1957)
    • The Confession, aka Quick, Let’s Get Married and Seven Different Ways (1964)
    • Harlow (1965)
    • Cinderella: Rodgers and Hammerstein Version (1965)
    • George Stevens: A Filmmaker’s Journey (1984)

    (*): performances with Fred Astaire

    • A Day of a Man of Affairs (1929)
    • A Night in a Dormitory (1930)
    • Campus Sweethearts (1930)
    • Office Blues (1930)
    • Hollywood on Parade (1932)
    • Screen Snapshots (1932)
    • Hollywood on Parade No. A-9 (1933)
    • Hollywood Newsreel (1934)
    • Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 3 (1936)
    • Show Business at War (1943)
    • Battle Stations (Narrator, 1944)
    • Screen Snapshots: The Great Showman (1950)
    • Screen Snapshots: Hollywood’s Great Entertainers (1954)

    • The DuPont Show with June Allyson, as Kay Neilson in “The Tender Shoot” (October 18, 1959)
    • What’s My Line? (1954, 1957, 1963)
    • Cinderella (1965)
    • The Love Boat (1979) (episodes 3.10 and 3.11)
    • Glitter (1984) (episode 1.3)
    • Hotel (1987) (episode 5.1) (final screen role)

  • ^ Notable American women: a biograp

    hical dictionary completing the twentieth … By Susan Ware

  • ^ “Facility History”. Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater. http://craterian.org/facility.html. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  • ^ Wharton, Dennis (1992-12-18). “Astaire footage withheld from Honors”. Variety (magazine). http://www.variety.com/article/VR102225?categoryid=13&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  • ^ Interview Suit Begun By Actress: Screen Player Asks Damages, Los Angeles Times, 24 March 1934.
  • ^ Biography Women’s International Center. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
  • ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Helen_Hayes&action=edit&section=3
  • ^ Playbill News: Sold Out Florida Stage Run of Ginger Rogers Musical Gets Added Performances
  • ^ Backwards in High Heels: The Ginger Musical
  • ^ Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls, accessed September 10, 2009
    • Fred Astaire: Steps in Time, 1959, multiple reprints.
    • Arlene Croce: The Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers Book, Galahad Books 1974, ISBN 0-88365-099-1
    • Jocelyn Faris: Ginger Rogers – a Bio-Bibliography, Greenwood Press, Connecticut, 1994, ISBN 0-313-29177-2
    • Hannah Hyam: Fred and Ginger – The Astaire-Rogers Partnership 1934-1938, Pen Press Publications, Brighton, 2007. ISBN 978-1-905621-96-5
    • John Mueller: Astaire Dancing – The Musical Films of Fred Astaire, Knopf 1985, ISBN 0-394-51654-0
    • Ginger Rogers: Ginger My Story, New York: Harper Collins, 1991


    Dance portal

    Pamela Anderson

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    For other people named Pamela Anderson, see Pamela Anderson (disambiguation).

    Pamela Anderson

    Pamela Anderson attending “The 6th Annual Hollywood Style Awards” Beverly Hills, CA on Oct. 10, 2009 Born Pamela Denise Anderson
    July 1, 1967 (1967-07-01) (age 43)
    Ladysmith, British Columbia, Canada Other names Pamela Anderson Lee Occupation Actress, model, producer, activist, author, former showgirl Years active 1989–present Spouse Tommy Lee (m. 1995–1998) «start: (1995)–end+1: (1999)»”Marriage: Tommy Lee to Pamela Anderson” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamela_Anderson) (divorced)
    Kid Rock (m. 2006–2007) «start: (2006)–end+1: (2008)»”Marriage: Kid Rock to Pamela Anderson” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamela_Anderson) (divorced)
    Rick Salomon (m. 2007–2008) «start: (2007)–end+1: (2009)»”Marriage: Rick Salomon to Pamela Anderson” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamela_Anderson) (annulled) Website http://pamelaanderson.com/

    Pamela Denise Anderson (born July 1, 1967) is a Canadian American actress, model, producer, author, activist, and former showgirl, known for her roles on the television series Home Improvement, Baywatch, and V.I.P.She was chosen as a Playmate of the Month for Playboy magazine in February 1990.[1] For a time, she was known as Pamela Anderson Lee (or Pamela Lee) after marrying Mötley Crüe drummer Tommy Lee. She holds both United States and Canadian citizenship.[2]


    Anderson was born in Ladysmith, British Columbia, the daughter of Barry Anderson, a furnace repairman, and Carol (née Grosco), a waitress.[3] Her great-grandfather, Juho Hyytiäinen, was Finnish, a native of Saarijärvi, and left Finland in 1908,[4] changing his name to Anderson when he arrived as an immigrant. Anderson also has Russian ancestry on her mother’s side.[5]

    After graduating from Highland Secondary School in 1985, Anderson moved to Vancouver and worked as a fitness instructor. During the summer of 1989, Anderson went with her friends to a BC Lions game at BC Place; during the game she was shown on the stadium screen wearing a Labatt‘s t-shirt, causing the crowd to cheer for the 21-year-old Anderson. She was taken down to the field to receive an ovation from the crowd. Labatt’s had the opportunity to hire Canadian model Pamela Anderson as a Labatt’s Blue Zone Girl after she was picked out of the crowd by a TV camera man at a BC Lions football game wearing a Blue Zone crop-top. Photographer and boyfriend Dan Ilicic produced the Blue Zone Girl poster on his own.[6] In October 1989 she appeared as the cover girl on Playboy magazine. At this stage in her modeling career, she had decided to live in Los Angeles to further pursue her career ambitions. She became a centerfold for Playboy when the magazine chose her to be their Playmate of the Month for their February 1990 issue. She then chose to get breast implants. Anderson has since appeared in Playboy several times in the 1990s and 2000s.

    After her move to Los Angeles, she won a minor role as the original “Tool Time girl” on the hit television sitcom, Home Improvement. She left the show after two seasons and won the role of C. J. Parker on Baywatch, a role she played between 1992 and 1997. Anderson was still modeling for Outdoor Life and appearing on the cover of the magazine each year. In 1992 Pam appeared in a music video “Can’t Have Your Cake” by Vince Neal to promote his first solo album “Exposed” in which Steve Stevens played all guitars for the recording of that project.In 1996, she acted in the film Barb Wire playing Barbara Rose Kopetski, which was thought by some to be Anderson’s real name. The movie, a thinly veiled futuristic remake of Casablanca, was not a commercial success. In April 1997, she guest-hosted Saturday Night Live. She also appeared on one of two covers for the September issue of Playboy.In September 1998, Anderson starred as Vallery Irons in the Sony Pictures Entertainment hit syndicated show V.I.P. created by J. F. Lawton.[7] Blending action and humor in a fast-paced adventure series, with Anderson often poking fun at her tabloid image,[8] the show explored the excit
    g and sometimes treacherous lives of the rich and famous.[9] The series lasted through a successful four year run.[10]In 1999, she appeared as a giantess in the music video for “Miserable” by California alternative rock band Lit.Her role as C.J. Parker gave her more popularity and gained her attention from international viewers. She returned to Baywatch for the 2003 reunion movie, Baywatch: Hawaiian Wedding. She also appeared on The Nanny as Fran’s rival, Heather Biblow.

    Anderson aboard USS Ronald Reagan, (2004)In early 2004, Anderson returned to the spotlight. In May, she appeared naked on the cover of Playboy magazine. It was the first time she had appeared naked on any magazine cover. Later, she posed naked for Stuff and GQ magazines.Anderson became a naturalized citizen of the United States on May 12, 2004, while retaining her Canadian citizenship. She has lived in Southern California since 1989.In 2004, she released the book Star, co-written by Eric Shaw Quinn, about a teenager trying to become famous. After this, she began touring the United States, signing autographs for fans at Wal-Mart stores nationwide. Her second book, the sequel Star Struck, released in 2005, is a thinly veiled look at her life with Tommy Lee and the trials of celebrity life.In April 2005, Anderson starred in a new Fox sitcom Stacked as Skyler Dayton, a party girl who goes to work at a bookstore. It was canceled on May 18, 2006, after two seasons, although some episodes had not been aired. On August 14, 2005, Comedy Central created the Roast of Pamela Anderson to honor the sex symbol for the past decade. During her final speech at the Roast, Anderson referred to her breasts as “Pancho and Lefty”.In December 2005, NBC cut off a video of Anderson pole dancing on Elton John‘s “The Red Piano.” NBC said that the footage was inappropriate for prime time. The video was shown on huge screens during the event, while John played “The Bitch is Back”.In March 2006, it was announced that Anderson would receive a star on Canada’s Walk of Fame thanks to her many years as a model and actress. She is only the second model to receive a star. In April 2006, Anderson hosted Canada’s Juno Awards, becoming the first non-singer and model to do so.Anderson was repeatedly referenced in the 2006 mockumentary Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan as the title character seeks to kidnap and marry her. Anderson appears in person at the end of the film confronted by Borat in a staged botched abduction.[11]She performed on February 13–14, 2008 in a Valentine’s Day striptease act at the Crazy Horse cabaret in Paris.[12]On July 9, 2008, Anderson entered the Australian Big Brother house for a three-day visit.[13] Her appearance on this show also marked Anderson’s foray into reality television with a series of her own, Pam: Girl on the Loose, which debuted on August 3, 2008 on E! in the United States.In December 2009, Anderson guest-starred as Genie of the Lamp in the pantomime Aladdin at the New Wimbledon Theatre in Wimbledon, south-west London, England.[14][15] Anderson took over the role from comedienne Ruby Wax, with former EastEnders actress Anita Dobson and comedian Paul O’Grady also booked for the role.[16] In the spring of 2010, Anderson appeared as one of the contestants on Dancing with the Stars.

    In addition to her fame from modeling and acting, Anderson has received a great deal of press attention for her well-publicized personal life. Her relationships have made headlines in gossip magazines for years. Anderson married Tommy Lee, drummer of Mötley Crüe, on February 19, 1995, after knowing him for only 96 hours and the couple eventually had two sons, Brandon Thomas Lee (b. June 6, 1996) and Dylan Jagger Lee (b. December 29, 1997), named after Pamela’s great grandfather Dale Jagger Grosco who fought in World War II. During this time, she was known professionally as Pamela Anderson Lee. Anderson filed for divorce from Lee twice and reconciled with him twice, before the couple finally broke up for good, however, she admitted to newspapers that she still often had sex with him since their divorce.[17] In March 2002, Anderson publicly stated that she had contracted the Hepatitis C virus from Lee (supposedly from sharing tattoo needles), and began writing a regular column for Jane magazine. In October 2003, Anderson jokingly said on Howard Stern‘s radio show that she does not expect to live more than ten or fifteen years,[18] but this was misconstrued and taken seriously by many websites and tabloids.A sex tape of Anderson and Tommy Lee on their honeymoon was stolen from their home, and made a huge stir on the Internet. Anderson sued the video distribution company, Internet Entertainment Group. Ultimately, the Lees entered into a confidential settlement agreement with IEG. Thereafter, the company began making the tape available to subscribers to its Web sites again, resulting in triple the normal traffic on the site.[19]

    Anderson and Kid Rock in 2003A second tape, which was made before the Tommy Lee tape, involving Anderson and musician Bret Michaels from Poison was later announced, and an abridged version of less than 60 seconds appeared on the internet. Frames of the video first appeared in Penthouse magazine in March 1998. The tape was successfully blocked by Michaels, but a four-minute sex tape is still available on the Internet.Since her divorce, she was engaged to the model Marcus Schenkenberg and to the singer Kid Rock (Robert J. Ritchie). She broke up with Schenkenberg in 2001 and with Kid Rock in 2003. It was announced on July 18, 2006 that she would marry Kid Rock on July 29, 2006, on a yacht near St Tropez, France. “Feels like I’ve been stuck in a time warp,” said Anderson in her blog entry. “Not able to let go of MY family picture … it’s been sad and lonely and frustrating … I’ve raised my kids alone in hope of a miracle. Well my miracle came and went. And came back and back because he knew that I’d wake up one day and realize that I was waiting for nothing.” “I’m moving on,” she declared. “I feel like I’m finally free … I’m in love.” There was extensive unconfirmed media speculation that the marriage was pregnancy-related, but the theory was based only on Anderson’s representative’s refusal to comment on the question.[20]On November 10, 2006, it was announced that Anderson miscarried while in Vancouver shooting a new film, Blonde and Blonder.[21] Seventeen days later, on November 27, 2006, Anderson filed for divorce in Los Angeles County Superior Court from Kid Rock, citing irreconcilable differences.[22] Some news reports have suggested that Kid Rock’s outrage during a screening of Borat, in which she plays a cameo role, led to the filing for divorce two weeks later.[23]And

    erson told talk show host Ellen DeGeneres in September 2007 that she was engaged. On September 29, Anderson and Rick Salomon, applied for a marriage license in Las Vegas.[24] Anderson married Salomon between her two nightly appearances at the Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino in Hans Klok‘s magic show in a small wedding ceremony at The Mirage on October 6, 2007.[25] However, the couple separated on December 13, and on February 22, 2008, Anderson requested through the courts that the marriage be annulled citing fraud.[26]

    Anderson promoting vegetarianismAnderson is a vegetarian, an advocate for animal rights, and an active member of the animal protection organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), taking part in several campaigns for animal rights.[27] She became a vegetarian in her early teens when she saw her father cleaning an animal he had hunted.[28]One of Anderson’s campaigns as a member of PETA has been against the use of fur. In 1999, Anderson received the first Linda McCartney Memorial Award for animal rights protectors, in recognition of her campaign. In 2003, Anderson stripped down for PETA’s “I’d Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur” advertising campaign. On June 28, 2006, Anderson posed naked with other protesters on a window display of the Stella McCartney boutique in London, England. It was a PETA gala event before the PETA Humanitarian Awards. Anderson went inside the boutique and said she would take her clothes off if the event raised enough money for PETA, which it did.She has also campaigned against Kentucky Fried Chicken. In 2001, Anderson released a letter in support of PETA’s campaign against Kentucky Fried Chicken, stating “What KFC does to 750 million chickens each year is not civilized or acceptable.” She later made a video about KFC’s treatment of chickens.[29] In January 2006, Anderson requested that the Governor of Kentucky remove a bust of Colonel Sanders, the founder of KFC, from display but her request was refused even when she offered her own bust in exchange. In February 2006, Anderson decided to boycott the Kentucky Derby because of its support for Kentucky Fried Chicken.She has also campaigned against seal hunting in Canada. In March 2006, Anderson asked to speak to Prime Minister Stephen Harper about the annual seal hunt but she was refused. In May 2006, she petitioned random individuals on the street for their opinion on the Canadian Seal Hunt. In December, 2009, Anderson, photographed in a t-shirt with a drawn picture of a seal pup on it, was featured in a new ad campaign for PETA. She appears next to the headline “Save the Seals” in the ad and urges the public to help end “Canada’s annual seal slaughter.”[30]Anderson joined forces with PETA in a campaign for the boycott of fruit-juice maker POM. The “Pom Horrible Campaign”[31] has resulted in the company halting animal tests.In March 2005, Anderson became a spokesmodel for MAC Cosmetics‘s MAC AIDS Fund, which helped people affected by AIDS and HIV. After becoming the official spokesmodel, Anderson raised money during events in Toronto, Tokyo, Dublin, and Athens.Anderson became the celebrity spokesperson for the American Liver Foundation, and served as the Grand Marshal of the SOS motorcycle ride fundraiser.She wrote an open letter to President Barack Obama urging the legalization of cannabis.[32]Anderson became the center of controversy when she posed in a bikini nearly nude for a PETA ad that was banned in Canada because they said the ad was sexist. Anderson retorted saying, “In a city that is known for its exotic dancing and for being progressive and edgy, how sad that a woman would be banned from using her own body in a political protest over the suffering of cows and chickens. In some parts of the world, women are forced to cover their whole bodies with burqas — is that next? I didn’t think that Canada would be so puritanical.” [33]

    Year Title Role Notes
    1991 Taking of Beverly Hills, TheThe Taking of Beverly Hills Cheerleader Action film
    1993 Snapdragon Felicity Thriller film
    1994 Raw Justice Sarah Thriller film
    1995 Naked Souls Britt Independent thriller film
    1996 Barb Wire Barb Wire Sci-Fi film
    2001 Making of Bret Michaels, TheThe Making of Bret Michaels Documentary film
    2002 Scooby-Doo Herself Uncredited
    2003 Scary Movie 3 Becca Comedy spoof film
    2003 Pauly Shore Is Dead Herself Comedy/mockumentary film
    2005 No Rules Herself Action movie
    2006 Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan Herself Mockumentary
    2008 Superhero Movie Invisible Girl Comedy film
    2008 Blonde and Blonder Dee Twiddle Comedy film
    2010 Costa Rican Summer Herself Comedy film
    2010 Hollywood & Wine TBA Post-production

    • Charles in Charge episode “Teacher’s Pest” (1990)
    • Married… with Children episode “Al With Kelly” (1990)
    • Married… with Children episode “Route 666: Part 2” (1991)
    • Home Improvement (cast member from 1991–1993)
    • Baywatch (cast member from 1992–1997)
    • Days of our Lives (cast member in 1992)
    • Come Die with Me: A Mickey Spillane’s Mike Hammer Mystery (1994)
    • The Nanny episode “Danny’s Dead and Who’s Got the Will?” (1997)
    • The Nanny episode “The Heather Biblow Story” (1997)
    • V.I.P. (1998–2002)
    • Baywatch: Hawaiian Wedding (2003)
    • Less Than Perfect episode “All About Claude” (2003)
    • Stripperella (voice) (2003–2004)
    • Stacked (2005–2006)
    • Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson (2005)
    • 8 Simple Rules episode “C.J.’s Temptation” (2005)
    • 8 Simple Rules episode “Torn Between Two Lovers” (2005)
    • MADtv (2005)
    • Pam: Girl on the Loose (2008)
    • The Sunday Night Project – Guest Host (2008)
    • Big Brother Australia – House Guest for 3 days (2008)
    • Dancing with the Stars (2010) – As contestant
    • Comedy Central Roast of David Hasselhoff (2010) – As roaster
    • Magic Numbers (in the United Kingdom) (2010) – as guest.

    Waist: 22 in (56 cm)
    Hips: 34 in (86 cm) Height 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)[1] Weight 105 lb (48 kg; 7.5 st)[1]

    Anderson’s Playboy career spans app

    roximately two decades (1989–2007), and she has appeared on more Playboy covers than anyone else.[34] She has also made appearances in the publication’s newsstand specials.

    • During an appearance at the World Wrestling Federation’s Royal Rumble in 1995, Anderson promised that she would accompany the winner of the Royal Rumble to WrestleMania. Anderson returned for her appearance at the World Wrestling Federation’s WrestleMania XI on April 2, but as the guest valet for WWF World Heavyweight Champion Diesel and not the Royal Rumble winner, his opponent Shawn Michaels; Michaels ended up being accompanied to the ring by Jenny McCarthy. After pinning Michaels, Diesel left with both Anderson and McCarthy.
    • In anticipation of her appearance at the Royal Rumble, several skits were produced featuring wrestlers fawning over Anderson. One commercial featured Anderson coming home and checking her answering machine. As Anderson strips down behind a curtain, messages from wrestlers such as Shawn Michaels, Diesel, and Doink the Clown can be heard.
    • At the 2006 Canada’s Walk of Fame induction ceremony, Anderson shared a kiss with WWE diva and fellow Canadian Trish Stratus.
    • She appeared on former Pro Wrestling commentator Mark Madden‘s Pittsburgh-based sports talk radio show in October, 2006.

    Anderson was a contestant on the tenth season of Dancing with the Stars, partnered with professional Damian Whitewood. The season premiered on Monday, March 22, 2010,[35] and after seven weeks, Anderson was eliminated.[36]

    ‘Newman House’ in the Melbourne suburb of St Kilda, AustraliaNewman House is a pop architecture building constructed in 2003 in St Kilda, Victoria, Australia, which features a large image of Anderson’s face. Sam Newman commissioned local architect Cassandra Fahey to design the building, and used the image with Anderson’s permission. Permits were issued retroactively when it became a major local landmark and won the award for Best New Residential Building in the RAIA Victorian Architecture Awards.[37]Serbian comedy rock band Prljavi Inspektor Blaža i Kljunovi released the song “Lepa si, Pamela” (trans. “You’re Beautiful, Pamela”) on their 1998 album Seks, droga i Bodiroga (Sex, Drugs and Bodiroga). In the song the band’s frontman Igor “Prljavi Inspektor Blaža” Blažević declares his love to Pamela and makes threats to Tommy Lee, and the album cover features an image of Pamela and Blažević in bed. In 2009 Blažević met Pamela in Belgrade, presenting her with the Seks, droga i Bodiroga disc.[38]Anderson is also seen on the television series, Invader Zim, appearing in “Walk of Doom”, “Dib’s Wonderful Life of Doom”, “Mortos de Soulstealer”, and “The Girl Who Cried Gnome”. However, she did not speak in her appearance on the show.

  • ^ a b c d Pamela Anderson at Playboy.com
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen”. Moono.com. 2004-05-14. http://www.moono.com/news/news00293.html. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson Biography (1967-)”. Filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/55/Pamela-Anderson.html. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  • ^ “News”. Pamwatch. http://www.pamwatch.com/nov99.html. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  • ^ Bang Showbiz. “Pamela Anderson’s mom wish”, The Boston Globe, 19 June 2008.
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson Biography”. Yahoo! Movies. http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800332320/bio. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  • ^ Joel Stein (10-31-1999) (October 31, 1999). “Babe Tube”. TIME Magazine. http://time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,33431-1,00.html. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  • ^ Rick Marin (10-08-2000) (October 8, 2000). “Television, Radio”. The New York Times. http://nytimes.com/2000/10/08/arts/television-radio-a-show-so-dumb-it-s-smart.html?scp=2&sq=pamela%20anderson%20VIP%20SHOW&st=Search. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  • ^ Martel, Ned (Retrieved on 12-01-2007). “V.I.P.”. The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/show/32003/V-I-P-/overview?scp=3&sq=pamela%20anderson%20VIP%20SHOW&st=Search. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  • ^ Benjamin Svetkey (03-10-2000). “The Squad”. Entertainment Weekly. http://ew.com/ew/article/0,,275615,00.html
  • ^ Marchese, David; and Willa Paskin. “What’s real in ‘Borat’?”, Salon.com, 10 November 2006.
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson to perform at nude revue”, Reuters, 1 February 2008.
  • ^ Ellis,
    Mark. “Pamela Anderson enters Australian Big Brother house”, The Daily Mirror, 7 October 2008.
  • ^ Sherwin, Adam (16 December 2009). “Pamela Anderson pops out of the lamp and casts a spell on adoring dads”. The Times (London). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/stage/theatre/article6958279.ece. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  • ^ Hitchings, Henry (16 December 2009). “Pamela Anderson’s really quite a game genie in Aladdin”. Evening Standard (London). http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/theatre/review-23784558-pamela-andersons-really-quite-a-game-genie-in-aladdin.do. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  • ^ “http://www.ambassadortickets.com/928/679/Wimbledon/New-Wimbledon-Theatre/Aladdin”. http://www.ambassadortickets.com/928/679/Wimbledon/New-Wimbledon-Theatre/Aladdin. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  • ^ “Pamela and Tommy together again?”. Archived from the original on 2007-04-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20070419055944/http://divertissement.sympatico.msn.ca/Nouvelles/NouvellesCelebrites/ContentPosting.htm?newsitemid=2635&feedname=TQS_FR&show=true&number=3&showbyline=false&abc=abc. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  • ^ Pamela Anderson Official Site and Fan Club – News Headlines Television Tabloids Magazines
  • ^ Pelline, Jeff (1 December 1997). “Pamela Lee drops video case”. CNET News. CBS Interactive. http://news.cnet.com/Pamela-Lee-drops-video-case/2100-1023_3-205848.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  • ^ “Pattayadailynews.com”. http://www.pattayadailynews.com/shownews.php?IDNEWS=0000000731. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson Suffers a Miscarriage”. People.com. Time Inc. 10 November 2006. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,1557773,00.html. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  • ^ “Access Hollywood”. Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20070712233524/http://www.accesshollywood.com/news/ah2832.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  • ^ “Spin.com”. http://www.spin.com/features/news/2006/11/061128_pamkidrock/. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  • ^ Anderson to marry Paris Hilton ex BBC News — October 1, 2007
  • ^ Gray, Mark (2007-10-07). “Pamela Anderson Weds Rick Salomon — Weddings, Pamela Anderson, Rick Salomon”. People.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20151049,00.html. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  • ^ “Anderson seeks annulment of marriage to Salomon”. USA Today. 26 February 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2008-02-26-pamela-anderson_N.htm. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  • ^ I’d Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur, retrieved on May 28, 2007.
  • ^ “Shapefit.com”. http://www.shapefit.com/pamela-anderson-diet-secrets.html. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  • ^ “Kentuckey Fried Cruelty”. http://www.KentuckyFriedCruelty.com. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  • ^ “Pam Anderson leads PETA campaign against seal hunt” Victoria Times Colonist via Canwest News Service in the Calgary Herald, December 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  • ^ “PETA”. http://getactive.peta.org/campaign/pam_vs_pom?qp_source=pamvspomgen?c=pvpwiki. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  • ^ Playboy magazine; February 2009; Page 112.
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson’s Nearly Naked PETA Ad Banned in Canada”. UsMagazine.com. 2010-07-15. http://www.usmagazine.com/healthylifestyle/news/pamela-anderson-blocked-from-montreal-event-for-sexist-ad-2010157. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  • ^ “Casino City Times”. http://www.casinocitytimes.com/news/article.cfm?contentID=148379. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  • ^ Minty, Dawn (2 March 2010). “Dancing with the Stars 2010 pairings: Celebrities, dancers revealed”. Ledger-Enquirer.com. McClatchy Company. http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/2010/03/01/1035334/dancing-with-the-stars-cast-revealed.html. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  • ^ “Pam Anderson on Leaving DWTS: “I Can’t Eat Whatever I Want Anymore””. UsMagazine.com. 5 May 2010. http://www.usmagazine.com/moviestvmusic/news/pam-anderson-on-leaving-dwts-i-cant-eat-whatever-i-want-anymore-201055
  • ^ “Pavilions for New Architecture, Monash University Museum of Art”. Monash.edu.au. http://www.monash.edu.au/muma/exhibitions/past/2005/pavilions.html. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  • ^ “Pamela Anderson meeting Igor “Prljavi Inspektor Blaža” Blažević”. Youtube.com. 2009-06-18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_JVVq4gugrA. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  • Ruth Etting

    Ruth Etting

    Ruth Etting on the cover of Radio Mirror magazine, June 1932. Born November 23, 1897(1897-11-23)
    David City, Nebraska Died September 24, 1978 (aged 80)
    Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S. Occupation Singer; actress

    Ruth Etting (November 23, 1897 – September 24, 1978) was an American singing star and actress of the 1920s and 1930s, who had over 60 hit recordings and worked in stage, radio, and film. Her signature tunes were “Shine On Harvest Moon“, “Ten Cents a Dance“, and “Love Me or Leave Me“. Her other popular recordings included “Button Up Your Overcoat“, “Mean to Me“, “Exactly Like You“, and “Shaking the Blues Away.”


    Born in David City, Nebraska, she left home at age seventeen to attend art school in Chicago. Her job designing costumes at the Marigold Gardens nightclub led to employment singing and dancing in the chorus there.She became a featured vocalist at the nightclub, and married gangster Martin “Moe the Gimp” Snyder on July 12, 1922. He managed her career, booking radio appearances, and eventually had her signed to an exclusive recording contract with Columbia Records. She made her Broadway debut in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1927. She went on to appear in a number of other hit shows in rapid succession, including Simple Simon and Whoopee!. In Hollywood, she made a long series of movie shorts between 1929 and 1936, and three feature movies in 1933 and 1934. In 1936, she appeared in London in Ray Henderson‘s Transatlantic Rhythm.

    Etting divorced Moe Snyder on November 30, 1937. She fell in love with her pianist, Myrl Alderman, but in 1938 he was shot and injured by her ex-husband. Snyder was convicted of attempted murder, but released on appeal after one year in jail. Etting married Alderman, who was almost a decade her junior, in December 1938. The scandal of the sensational trial in Los Angeles effectively ended her career, though she briefly had a radio show in 1947. Alderman died on November 16, 1966.

    Etting died in Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1978, aged 80.

    Her life was the basis for the fictionalized 1955 film, Love Me or Leave Me, which starred Doris Day and James Cagney.

    • the Ziegfeld Follies of 1927 – in which she introduced Irving Berlin‘s “Shaking The Blues Away”
    • Whoopee! – 1928 – in which she introduced “Love Me or Leave Me“
    • the Nine-Fifteen Revue – 1929, in which she introduced “Get Happy“
    • Simple Simon – 1930, in which she introduced “Ten Cents a Dance”
    • Ziegfeld Follies of 1931

    • The Book of Lovers −1929
    • Roseland −1930
    • One Good Turn −1930
    • Broadway’s Like That −1930
    • Words & Music −1931
    • Stage Struck −1931
    • Radio Salutes −1931
    • Old Lace −1931
    • A Modern Cinderella −1932
    • A Regular Trouper −1932
    • A Mail Bride −1932
    • Artistic Temper −1932
    • Bye-Gones −1933
    • Along Came Ruth −1933
    • Crashing the Gate −1933
    • California Weather −1933
    • Knee Deep in Music −1933
    • A Torch Tango −1934
    • The Song of Fame −1934
    • Derby Decade −1934
    • Southern Style −1934
    • Bandits and Ballads −1934
    • An Old Spanish Onion −1935
    • Ticket or Leave It −1935
    • Tuned Out −1935
    • Alladin from Manhattan −1936
    • Melody in May −1936
    • Sleepy Time −1936

    • Roman Scandals −1933, her breakthrough film, which starred Eddie Cantor and Gloria Stuart
    • Mr. Broadway −1933, as herself
    • Gift of Gab −1934
    • Hips, Hips, Hooray! −1934

    • Ten Cents a Dance −2010

    Art Frahm

    Art Frahm (1907–1981) was an American painter of campy pin-up girls and advertising. Frahm lived in Chicago, and was active from the 1940s to 1960s. Today he is best known for his “ladies in distress” pictures involving beautiful young women whose panties mysteriously flutter to the ground in public situations, often causing them to spill their bag of groceries. In one of Frahm’s noted idiosyncratic touches, celery is often depicted.Frahm had adequate technical competence for his medium, with a style somewhat reminiscent of Norman Rockwell‘s, though more cartoony. He was mostly influenced by commercial artist Haddon Sundblom, with whom Frahm may have worked as an assistant early in his career. Frahm’s forte was depicting beautiful young white women, taking in rendering their legs and figures. Frahm’s depictions of the women’s faces are less successful, often tending towards plastic doll-like expressions. Minor problems with perspective and unrealistic depiction of subsidiary figures and objects are common in Frahm’s work. Some of his artistic touches were deliberately unrealistic and artistically daring — for instance his coloring of a city street lemon-yellow in an otherwise realist painting.Frahm was commercially successful. His falling-panties paintings were later imitated by other pin-up artists. The falling-panties art has a small cult following as mid-20th century kitsch, or even as fetish art. The works are best described with plenty of irony; James Lileks‘ analysis (see external link below) of Frahm’s work has brought it to the attention of many on the Internet.In addition to pin-ups, Frahm created a series of humorous hobo-themed calendar illustrations. Another set of paintings celebrated traffic safety, complete with smiling, chubby crossing guards and schoolchildren (one such painting appears as a calendar print in the background of a bar scene in the movie Hud). His advertising art included works for Coca-Cola and Coppertone. He also painted the famous Quaker on the Quaker Oats cereal boxes, which is still in use to this day.

    • Pin-up girl
    • List of pin-up artists

    • The Great American Pin-Up, by Charles G. Martignette and Louis K. Meisel, ISBN 3-8228-1701-5

    Sandra Dee

    Sandra Dee

    from the Imitation of Life trailer (1959) Born Alexandra Zuck
    April 23, 1942(1942-04-23)
    Bayonne, New Jersey, U.S. Died February 20, 2005 (aged 62)
    Thousand Oaks, California, U.S. Occupation Actress, model Years active 1957–1994 Spouse(s) Bobby Darin (m. 1960–1967) «start: (1960)–end+1: (1968)»”Marriage: Bobby Darin to Sandra Dee” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandra_Dee)

    Sandra Dee (April 23, 1942 – February 20, 2005) was an American actress. Dee began her career as a model and progressed to film. Best known for her portrayal of ingenues, Dee won a Golden Globe Award in 1959 as one of the year’s most promising newcomers, and over several years her films were popular. By the late 1960s her career had started to decline, and a highly publicized marriage to Bobby Darin ended in divorce.She rarely acted after this time, and her final years were marred by illness; she died as a result of renal failure.[1]


    Dee was born Alexandra Zuck in Bayonne, New Jersey. Her parents divorced before she was five.[2] Her mother was of Carpatho-Rusyn ancestry and raised her in the Russian Orthodox Church. Changing her name to Sandra Dee, she became a professional model by the age of four and subsequently progressed to television commercials.There has been some confusion as to Dee’s actual birth year, with evidence pointing to both 1942 and 1944. According to her son Dodd Darin in his book Dream Lovers, she was born in 1944, but since Dee started modeling and acting at a very young age, she and her mother falsely inflated her age by two years so she could find more work. Therefore 1942 was listed as her birth year in official studio press releases, leading to that year being considered truthful in verifiable sources.[3] If Dee was indeed born in 1944, she was 16 when she married the 24 year-old Bobby Darin in 1960.

    Sandra Dee made her first film, Until They Sail, in 1957, and the following year, she won a Golden Globe Award for New Star Of The Year – Actress, along with Carolyn Jones and Diane Varsi.She became known for her wholesome ingenue roles in such films as The Reluctant Debutante, Gidget, Imitation of Life, and A Summer Place. She later played “Tammy” in two Universal sequels to Tammy and the Bachelor in the role created by Debbie Reynolds.During the 1970s, Dee took very few acting jobs but made occasional television appearances.

    Her marriage to Bobby Darin in 1960 kept her in the public eye for much of the decade. They met while making the 1961 film Come September together. She was under contract to Universal Studios, which tried to develop Dee into a mature actress, and the films she made as an adult – including a few with Darin – were moderately successful. They had one son, Dodd Mitchell Darin (also known as Morgan Mitchell Darin). She and Darin divorced in 1967 and Darin died in 1973.In 1994, Dee’s son Dodd Darin published a book about his parents, Dream Lovers: The Magnificent Shattered Lives of Bobby Darin and Sandra Dee, in which he chronicled his mother’s anorexia, drug and alcohol problems and her disclosure that she had been sexually abused as a child by her stepfather, Eugene Douvan.

    Dee’s adult years were marked by ill health. She admitted that for most of her life she battled anorexia nervosa, depression and alcoholism. In 2000, it was reported that she had been diagnosed with several ailments, including throat cancer and kidney disease. Complications from kidney disease led to her death on February 20, 2005, at the Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center in Thousand Oaks, California.[4]Sandra Dee is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Hollywood Hills, not far from her mother, Mary C. Douvan, who died on December 27, 1987. She is survived by her son, her daughter-in-law and two granddaughters.

    One of the popular songs of the Broadway musical and 1978 movie Grease is called, “Look at Me, I’m Sandra Dee.” Dee’s life with Bobby Darin was dramatized in the 2004 film Beyond the Sea, in which Kevin Spacey played Darin and Dee was played by Kate Bosworth. Sandra Dee is referenced as a sex symbol in Motley Crue’s song “Come on and Dance” off of their debut album Too Fast For Love.

    Year Film Role Notes
    1957 The Snow Queen Gerda Voice: English version
    Until They Sail Evelyn Leslie
    1958 The Reluctant Debutante Jane Broadbent
    The Restless Years Melinda Grant Alternative title: The Wonderful Years
    1959 A Stranger in My Arms Pat Beasley Alternative title: And Ride a Tiger
    Gidget Gidget (Frances Lawrence)
    Imitation of Life Susie, age 16
    The Wild and the Innocent Rosalie Stocker
    A Summer Place M
    ly Jorgenson
    1960 Portrait in Black Cathy Cabot
    1961 Romanoff and Juliet Juliet Moulsworth Alternative title: Dig That Juliet
    Tammy Tell Me True Tambrey “Tammy” Tyree
    Come September Sandy Stevens
    1962 If a Man Answers Chantal Stacy
    1963 Tammy and the Doctor Tambrey “Tammy” Tyree
    Take Her, She’s Mine Mollie Michaelson
    1964 I’d Rather Be Rich Cynthia Dulaine
    1965 That Funny Feeling Joan Howell
    1966 A Man Could Get Killed Amy Franklin Alternative title: Welcome, Mr. Beddoes
    1967 Doctor, You’ve Got to Be Kidding Heather Halloran
    Rosie! Daphne Shaw
    1970 The Dunwich Horror Nancy Wagner
    1971 Ad est di Marsa Matruh
    1983 Lost Penny
    Year Title Role Notes
    1971-1972 Night Gallery Ann Bolt
    Millicent/Marion Hardy
    2 episodes
    1972 The Manhunter Mara Bocock Television movie
    The Daughters of Joshua Cabe Ada Television movie
    Love, American Style Bonnie Galloway 1 episode
    1972 The Sixth Sense Alice Martin 1 episode
    1974 Houston, We’ve Got a Problem Angie Cordell Television movie
    1977 Fantasy Island Francesca Hamilton Television movie
    1978 Police Woman Marie Quinn 1 episode
    1983 Fantasy Island Margaret Winslow 1 episode
    1994 Frasier Connie (Voice) 1 episode

  • ^ Kehr, Dave (2005-02-20). “Sandra Dee, ‘Gidget’ Star and Teenage Idol, Dies at 62”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/02/20/movies/20cnd-dee.html?ex=1266728400&en=a2d4c4eedf02d972&ei=5090. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  • ^ Dee, Sandra (1991-03-18). “Learning to Live Again”. People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20114698,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  • ^ Darin, Dodd (1994). Dream Lovers: The Magnificent Shattered Lives of Bobby Darin and Sandra Dee, Warner Books, p. 28-30.
  • ^ Marla, Lehner (2005-02-20). “Screen Star Sandra Dee Dies at 62”. people.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,1029880,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  • Dorothy Dandridge

    Dorothy Dandridge

    from The Decks Ran Red (1958) Born Dorothy Jean Dandridge
    November 9, 1922(1922-11-09)
    Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. Died September 8, 1965 (aged 42)
    West Hollywood, California, U.S. Occupation Actress/Singer Years active 1935–1961 Spouse(s) Harold Nicholas (m. 1942–1951) «start: (1942)–end+1: (1952)»”Marriage: Harold Nicholas to Dorothy Dandridge” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Dandridge)
    Jack Denison (m. 1959–1962) «start: (1959)–end+1: (1963)»”Marriage: Jack Denison to Dorothy Dandridge” Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Dandridge)

    Dorothy Jean Dandridge (November 9, 1922 – September 8, 1965) was an American actress and popular singer, and was the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.[1]She performed as a vocalist in venues such as the Cotton Club and the Apollo Theater. In 1954, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Carmen Jones, and, in 1959, was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Porgy and Bess. In 1999, she was the subject of the HBO biopic Introducing Dorothy Dandridge. She has been recognized on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.Dandridge was married and divorced twice, first to dancer and entertainer Harold Nicholas (the father of her daughter, Harolyn Suzanne) and then to Jack Denison. Dandridge died of an accidental drug overdose.


    Dorothy Dandridge was born on November 9, 1922 in Cleveland, Ohio, to Cyril Dandridge (October 25, 1895 – July 9, 1989),[2][3] a cabinetmaker and minister, and to Ruby Dandridge (née Butler), an aspiring entertainer. Dandridge’s parents separated shortly before her birth.[4] Ruby Dandridge soon created an act for her two young daughters, Vivian and Dorothy, under the name of “The Wonder Children.” The daughters toured the Southern United States for five years while Ruby worked and performed in Cleveland. During this time, they toured almost non-stop and rarely attended school.[5]At the onset of the Great Depression, work virtually dried up for the Dandridges, as it did for many of the Chitlin’ circuit performers. Ruby Dandridge moved to Hollywood, California, where she found steady work on radio and film in small parts as a domestic servant. “The Wonder Kids” were renamed “The Dandridge Sisters” and booked into such venues as the Cotton Club[6] and the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York City.Dorothy Dandridge’s first screen appearance was a bit part in a 1935 Our Gang short.[7] In 1937, she appeared in the Marx Brothers feature film, A Day at the Races.[8] In 1940, Dandridge played a murderer in the race film, Four Shall Die. All of her early parts were stereotypical African-American roles, but her singing ability and presence brought her popularity in nightclubs nationwide. During this period, she starred in several “soundies” – film clips designed to be displayed on juke boxes including “Paper Doll” by the Mills Brothers, “Cow Cow Boogie”, “Jig in the Jungle”, “Mr. & Mrs. Carpenter’s Rent Party.”[9]

    In 1954, director and writer Otto Preminger cast Dandridge, along with Harry Belafonte, Pearl Bailey, Brock Peters, Diahann Carroll, Madame Sul-Te-Wan (uncredited), and Joe Adams in his production of Carmen Jones.[10] However, Dandridge’s singing voice was dubbed by opera singer, Marilyn Horne.[11]Upon release in 1955, Carmen Jones grossed $60,000 during its first week and $47,000 in its second week.[citation needed] The film received favorable reviews, and Dandridge was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress, becoming only the third African American to receive a nomination in any Academy Award category (after Hattie McDaniel and Ethel Waters). Grace Kelly won the award for her performance in The Country Girl. At the awards ceremony, Dandridge presented the Academy Award for Film Editing to Gene Milford for On the Waterfront.

    Dandridge first gained fame as a solo artist from her performances in night
    ubs, usually accompanied by Phil Moore on piano. As well-known as she became from renditions of songs such as “Blow Out the Candle”, “You Do Something To Me”, and “Talk Sweet Talk To Me”, she recorded very little on vinyl. Whether it was because of personal choice or lack of opportunity is unknown.In 1940, as part of the Dandridge Sisters singing group, Dandridge recorded four songs with the Jimmy Lunceford band:

    • “You Ain’t Nowhere” (Columbia #28007)
    • “That’s Your Red Wagon” (Columbia #28006)
    • “Ain’t Going To Go To Study War No More” (Columbia #26938)
    • “Minnie The Moocher is Dead” (Columbia #26937A)

    In 1944, she recorded a duet with Louis Armstrong from the film Pillow To Post:

    • “Watcha Say” (Decca L-3502)

    In 1951, she recorded a single for Columbia Records:

    • “Blow Out the Candle/Talk Sweet Talk To Me” (catalogue # unknown)

    In 1953, she recorded a song for the film Remains To Be Seen:

    • “Taking a Chance On Love” (MGM Records, catalogue # unknown)

    In 1958, she recorded a full length album for Verve Records featuring Oscar Peterson with Herb Ellis, Ray Brown, and Alvin Stoller (Catalogue #314 547-514 2) that remained unreleased in the vaults until a cd release in 1999. This cd also included 4 tracks from 1961 (with an unknown orchestra) that included one 45 rpm record single and another aborted single:

    • “It’s Easy To Remember” (21942-3)
    • “What Is There To Say” (21943-6)
    • “That Old Feeling” (21944-4)
    • “The Touch Of Your Lips” (21945-12)
    • “When Your Lover Has Gone” (21946-1)
    • “The Nearness Of You” (21947-7)
    • “(In This World) I’m Glad There Is You” (21948-10)
    • “I’ve Grown Accustomed To Your Face” (21949-4)
    • “Body And Soul” (21950-2)
    • “How Long Has This Been Going On?” (21951-6)
    • “I’ve Got A Crush On You” (21952-3)
    • “I Didn’t Know What Time It Was” (21953-3)
    • “Somebody” (recorded in 1961) (23459-2)
    • “Stay with It” (recorded in 1961) (23460-4)

    (above two tracks released on Verve Records single #Verve V 10231)

    • “It’s a Beautiful Evening” (recorded in 1961) (23461-5)
    • “Smooth Operator” (recorded in 1961) (23462-2)

    (above two tracks were aborted for release as a single and remained unreleased until the “Smooth Operator” cd release in 1999). These represent the only known songs Dandridge recorded on vinyl. Several songs she sang were recorded on Soundies. These songs, which include her version of “Cow Cow Boogie”, are not included on this list.

    Dandridge married dancer and entertainer Harold Nicholas on September 6, 1942, and gave birth to her only child, Harolyn Suzanne Nicholas, on September 2, 1943. Harolyn was born brain-damaged, and the couple divorced in October 1951.[4]Dandridge married Jack Denison on June 22, 1959, although the pair divorced amid allegations of domestic violence and financial setbacks. At this time, Dandridge discovered that the people who were handling her finances had swindled her out of $150,000, and that she was $139,000 in debt for back taxes. Forced to sell her Hollywood home and to place her daughter in a state mental institution in Camarillo, California, Dandridge moved into a small apartment at 8495 Fountain Avenue in West Hollywood, California. Alone and without any acting roles or singing engagements on the horizon, Dandridge suffered a nervous breakdown. Shortly thereafter, Earl Mills started arranging her comeback.

    On September 8, 1965, Dandridge spoke by telephone with friend Gerry Branton. Dandridge was scheduled to fly to New York the next day to prepare for her nightclub engagement at Basin Street East. Several hours after her conversation with Branton ended, Dandridge was found dead by her manager, Earl Mills. Two months later a Los Angeles pathology institute determined the cause to be an accidental overdose of Imipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant. She was 42 years old.[12]On September 12, 1965, a private funeral service was held for Dandridge at the Little Chapel of the Flowers; then she was cremated and her ashes were entombed in the Freedom Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Glendale, California.

    Many years passed before the entertainment industry acknowledged Dandridge’s legacy. Starting in the 1980s, stars such as Cicely Tyson, Jada Pinkett Smith, Halle Berry, Janet Jackson, Whitney Houston and Angela Bassett acknowledged Dandridge’s contributions to the role of blacks in film.In 1999, Halle Berry took the lead role of Dandridge in the HBO Movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, for which she won an Emmy Award, a Golden Globe Award,[13] and a Screen Actors Guild Award.[14] When Berry won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in Monster’s Ball, she dedicated the “moment [to] Dorothy Dandridge, Lena Horne, Diahann Carroll.”[15]For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Dorothy Dandridge has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 671 Hollywood Boulevard.

    Year Film Role Notes
    1935 Teacher’s Beau Dorothy
    The Big Broadcast of 1936 Member of the Dandridge Sisters
    1936 Easy to Take Member of the Dandridge Sisters Uncredited
    1937 It Can’t Last Forever Dandridge Sisters Act Uncredited
    A Day at the Races Black singer Uncredited
    1938 Going Places Member of The Dandridge Sisters Uncredited
    Snow Gets in Your Eyes Member of The Dandridge Sisters Uncredited
    1940 Irene Member of the Dandridge Sisters Uncredited
    Four Shall Die Helen Fielding Alternative title: Condemned Men
    1941 Bahama Passage Thalia
    Sundown Kipsang’s bride Uncredited
    Sun Valley Serenade Specialty act
    Lady from Louisiana Felice Alternative title: Lady from New Orleans
    1942 Lucky Jordan Hollyhock school maid Uncredited
    Night in New Orleans Sal, Shadrach’s girl Uncredited
    The Night Before the Divorce Maid Uncredited
    Ride ‘Em Cowboy Congoroo Uncredited
    Drums of the Congo Princess Malimi
    1943 Hit Parade of 1943 Count Basie Band Singer Alternative title: Change of Heart
    Happy Go Lucky Chorine Uncredited
    1944 Since You Went Away Black Officer’s wife in train station Uncredited
    Atlantic City Singer Alternative title: Atlantic City Honeymoon
    1951 The Harlem Globetrotters Ann Carpenter
    Tarzan’s Peril Melmendi, Queen of the Ashuba
    1953 Bright Road Jane Richards
    1954 Carmen Jones Carmen Jones Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress
    Nomination — BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
    1957 Island in the Sun Margot Seaton
    1958 The Decks Ran Red Mahia Alternative title: La Rivolta dell’esperanza
    Tamango Aiché, Reiker’s mistress
    1959 Porgy and Bess Bess Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
    1960 Moment of Danger Gianna Alternative title: Malaga
    1961 The Murder Men Norma Sherman Archive footage
    Year Title Role Notes
    1952 Cavalcade of Stars Guest Vocalist 1 episode
    1952 Colgate Comedy Hour Guest Vocalist 1 episode – under Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis
    1962 Cain’s Hundred Norma Sherman 1 episode

    • Swingin’ the Dream (November 29–December 9, 1939, Broadway)
    • Meet the People (1941, replacement for Virginia O’Brien – Los Angeles)
    • Jump for Joy (1941–1942, Los Angeles)
    • Sweet ‘n’ Hot (1944, Los Angeles)
    • Crazy Girls (1952, Off-Broadway)
    • West Side Story (1962)
    • Show Boat (1965)

  • ^ Potter, Joan (2002). African American Firsts: Famous Little-Known and Unsung Triumphs of Blacks in America. Kensington Books. pp. 81. ISBN 0-758-20243-1. 
  • ^ “Ohio Deaths 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2002 [database on-line“]. United States: The Generations Network. http://www.ancestry.com. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  • ^ “Social Security Death Index [database on-line“]. United States: The Generations Network. http://www.ancestry.com. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  • ^ a b Lyman, Darryl (2005). Great African-American Women. Jonathan David Company, Inc. pp. 50. ISBN 0-824-60459-8. 
  • ^ Taylor, Quintard; Wilson Moore, Shirley Ann (2003). African American Women Confront the West. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 239. ISBN 0-806-13524-7. 
  • ^ Mills, Earl (1999). Dorothy Dandridge: An Intimate Biography. Holloway House Publishing. ISBN 0-870-67899-X. 
  • ^ Maltin, Leonard; Bann, Richard W. (1993). The Little Rascals: The Life and Times of Our Gang. Crown. pp. 279. ISBN 0-517-58325-9. 
  • ^ Carney Smith, Jessie; Palmisano, Joseph M. (2000). Reference Library of Black America. African American Publications, Proteus Enterprises. pp. 858. 
  • ^ Terenzio, Maurice; MacGillivray, Scott (1991). The Soundies Distributing Corporation of America: A History and Filmography of Their “Jukebox” Musical Films of the 1940s. Okuda, Ted. McFarland & Co.. pp. 58. ISBN 0-899-50578-3. 
  • ^ Green, Stanley; Schmidt, Elaine (2000). Hollywood Musicals: Year by Year. Hal Leonard. pp. 189. ISBN 0-634-00765-3. 
  • ^ McClary, Susan (1992). Georges Bizet: Carmen. Cambridge University Press. pp. 133. ISBN 0-521-39897-5. 
  • ^ Gorney, Cynthia (February 9, 1988). “The Fragile Flame of Dorothy Dandridge; Remembering the Shattered Life Of a Beautiful 1950s Movie Star”. Washington Post. pp. E2. 
  • ^ “Halle Berry, Charles Dutton Capture Coveted Primetime Emmy Awards”. Jet. 2000-09-25. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_16_98/ai_65702453. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  • ^ “Halle Berry Explains Why 2000 Has Been The Worst And Best Year Of Her Life”. Jet. 2000-09-11. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_14_98/ai_65913489. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  • ^ “Halle Berry’s Acceptance Speech.” blackfilm.com. March 26, 2002.
    • Dandridge, Dorothy & Conrad, Earl. Everything and Nothing: The Dorothy Dandridge Tragedy. Abelard-Schuman; 1st edition (1970). ISBN 0200716905. HarperCollins, New Ed edition (2000). – ISBN 0-060-95675-5.
    • Mills, Earl. Dorothy Dandridge: An Intimate Portrait of Hollywood’s First Major Black Film Star. Holloway House Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-870-67899-X.